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Flashcards in Comp Exam Deck (83)
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1

Scapula Spasticity Pattern

retraction
downward rotation

2

Shoulder Spasticity Pattern

adduction and IR
depression

3

Elbow Spasticity Pattern

Flexion

4

Forearm spasticity pattern

pronation

5

Wrist spasticity pattern

flexion
adduction

6

Hand spasticity pattern

finger flexion
clenched fist
thumb adducted in palm

7

Pelvis spasticity pattern

retraction (hip hiking)

8

Hip spasticity pattern

adduction
IR
extension

9

Knee spasticity pattern

extension

10

Foot and ankle spasticity pattern:

plantarflexin
inversion
equinocarus
toe claw
toe curls

11

UE flexion synergy pattern:

scapular retraction/elevation, shoulder abduction, ER, elbow flexion, forearm supination, wrist and finger flexion

12

UE extension synergy pattern:

scapular protraction, shoulder adduction, IR, elbow extension, forearm pronation, wrist and finger flexion

13

LE flexion synergy pattern:

hip flexion, abduction, ER, knee flexion, ankle dorsiflexion and inversion

14

LE extension synergy pattern:

hip extension, adduction, IR, knee extension, ankle plantarflexion and inversion

15

BERG balance low fall risk

41-56

16

BERG balance moderate fall risk:

21-40

17

BERG balance high fall risk

0-20

18

ACA stroke:

contralateral hemiparesis of mainly LE
contralateral hemisensory loss mainly LE
urinary incontinence
problems with bimanual tasks. apraxia

19

MCA stroke:

contralateral spastic hemiparesis and sensory loss of face, UE and LE with face and UE more involved
broca's or nonfluent aphasia
wernicke's or fluent aphasia
global aphasia
neglect
contralateral homonymous hemianopsia

20

PCA stroke:

contralateral homonymous hemianopsia
visual agnosia
dylexia
memory defect
topographic disorientation

21

Stage 1 motor recovery:

initial flaccidity, no voluntary movement

22

Stage 2:

emergence of spasticity, hyperreflexia, syngeries

23

Stage 3:

voluntary movement possible, only in synergies, spasticity strong

24

Stage 4:

voluntary control in isolated joint movement emerging, decline of spasicity and syngergies

25

Stage 5:

increasing voluntary control out of syngery
coordination deficit present

26

Stage 6:

control and coordination near normal

27

Typical right sided CVA:

apraxia, impulsive, neglect

28

Typical left sided CVA:

aphasia, overly cautious

29

Synergy:

stereotyped set of movements that occur in response to a stimulus or voluntary movement

30

Associated reaction:

stereotyped movements in which effortful use of one extremity influences the posture and tone of another