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Gross Anatomy Exam 4 > Comprehensive Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Comprehensive Review Deck (54):
1

Anticlinal vertebra

T11

2

Each rib has how many articulations?

3

3

Each vertebrae has at least how many articulations?

6

4

Compound joints

More than 2 components

5

Which joint of the thoracic limb does not have a caudal flexor angle?

Cubital

6

Which joints do not have collateral ligs.?

1. Humeral
2. Coxal

7

Which joints of the pelvic limb do not have caudal flexor angles?

Coxal and tarsal

8

Ligs of genual joint

4 which tie tibial and menisci
1 which attaches the 2 menisci
1 which attaches meniscus to femur
4 extracapsular (collateral and cruciate)

9

Drawer motion of genual joint means which lig is damage?

Cruciate

10

Most moveable joint of tarsus

Tarsocrural jt

11

Canine mammary glands

2 thoracic
2 abdominal
1 inguinal

12

Mammary gland lymphatics

Thoracic and cr. abdominal → axillary ln.

Cd. abdominal and inguinal → superficial inguinal ln.

13

Epaxial mm.

Most dorsal

14

Epaxial m. groups

1. Transversospinalis (sacrum → head)
2. Longissimus (ilium → head)
3. Iliocostalis (ilium → C7)

15

Mm. of inspiration (which is active)

1. Diaphragm
2. Scaleneus
3. Serratus dorsalis cranialis

16

M. of expiration (which is mostly passive)

Serratus dorsalis caudalis m.

17

What goes through lumbocostal arch?

1. Sympathetic trunk
2. Major splanchnic n.

18

What goes through aortic hiatus?

1. Aorta
2. Azygos v.
3. Thoracic duct

19

What goes through esophageal hiatus?

1. Esophagus
2. Vagal trunks (dorsal and ventral)

20

Lobes of right lung

1. Cr.
2. Cd.
3. Middle
4. Accessory

21

Cardiac notch location

Low in right 4th-5th intercostal space

22

Nutritional blood supply of lung

Bronchoesophageal a.

23

Auscultation triangle

6th-11th ribs

24

Heart location

3rd-6th intercostal spaces

25

Features of ventricles to prevent eversion of AV valves

Chordae tendina and papillary mm.

26

Systole

Cardiac contraction (AV valves closed, semilunar are open)

27

Which valve do you hear on the right?

AV valve (4th-5th space)

28

Which valve is high on the left?

Aortic

29

Where to listen to pulmonary or left AV valves

Low on left

3rd for pulmonary

5th for left AV

30

Aortic arch gives off?

1. Brachiocephalic trunk
2. Left subclavian

31

Foramen ovale

Right atrium → left atrium

32

Umbilical aa. becomes?

Round lig. of bladder

33

Umbilical v. becomes?

Round lig of liver (in falciform)

34

Efferent neuron shape

Multipolar

35

Afferent neuron shape

Psuedounipolar

36

Special neuron shape

Bipolar

37

Sympathetic nn. to body wall and limbs synapse where?

Sympathetic trunk ganglia

38

Sympathetic nn. to head synapse where?

Cr. cervical ganglion

39

Sympathetic nn. to neck or thorax synapse where?

Cervicothoracic ganglion

40

Sympathetic nn. to abdominal cavity synapse where?

Celicomesenteric ganglion or cd. mesenteric ganglion

41

Sympathetic nn. to pelvic cavity synapse where?

Cd. mesenteric ganglion

42

Connections between superficial and deep vv. of thoracic limb

1. Median cubital v.
2. Axillobrachial v.

43

Which vv. of thoracic limb enter external jugular?

1. Cephalic v.
2. Omobrachial v.

44

Main ln. of thoracic limb

1. Superficial cervical (constant, palpable)
2. Axillary ln. (constant, not palpable)

45

Autonomous zone of axillary n.

On shoulder

46

Autonomous zone of musculocutaneous n.

Medial brachium

47

Lateral mm. of hip have what action?

Abduct limb, extend coxal joint

48

Cd. mm. of hip have what action?

Rotate limb laterally

49

Musculocutaneous n. innervates what m.?

Biceps brachii

50

Cd. mm. of thigh have what action?

Extend coxal and tarsocrural jts.

51

Medial mm. of thigh have what action and use what n.?

Adduct limb

Obturator n.

52

Cr. mm. of thigh have what action and use what n.?

Flex coxal jt.

Femoral n.

53

Craniolateral mm. of crus have what action and use what n.?

Flex tarsocrural

Fibular n.

54

Caudomedial antebrachial mm. are innervated by?

Median and ulnar nn.