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Gross Anatomy Exam 4 > Pharynx > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharynx Deck (30):
1

What passes through the pharynx?

Air and bolus

2

Pharynx connects?

1. Oral cavity with esophagus
2. Nasal cavity with layrnx

3

Soft palate separates rostral part of pharynx into?

1. Nasopharynx (dorsal)
2. Oropharynx (ventral)

4

Intrapharyngeal opening

Where nasopharynx and oropharynx meet

5

Pharynx is formed by?

Soft palate and palatopharyngeal arches

6

Laryngopharynx

Cd. communication continuation of naso- and oropharynx

7

Chonae

Intrapharyngeal opening

8

Borders of nasopharynx:

Cd: epiglottis

Lateral: hyopharyngeus and ceratohyoideus mm.

9

Nasopharynx communicates with?

Rostrally: nasal cavity

Caudally: laryngopharynx

Caudoventrally: oropharynx

10

Oropharynx goes from ___ to ___?

Palatoglossal arch → base of epiglottis

11

Borders of oropharynx

Dorsal: soft palate

Ventral: root of tongue

Lateral: tonsillar fossa

12

Palatine tonsil is located?

In lateral walls of oropharynx

13

Oropharynx communicates with?

Rostrally: oral cavity

Caudally: laryngopharynx (over tip of epiglottis)

Dorsally: cd. opening of nasopharynx

14

Layngopharynx goes from ___ to ____

Epiglottis → pharyngoesophageal limen

15

_____ is part of the respiratory channel

Nasopharynx

16

_____ is part of the digestive tract

Oropharynx

17

_____ is part of the respiratory and digestive system

Laryngophaynx

18

Layngopharynx is located?

Dorsal to larynx

19

Pharyngoesophageal limen is located where?

Level of axis and cricoid cartilage

20

Piriform recesses are located?

Each side of base of epiglottis → continues floor of oropharynx around entrance of larynx

21

Function of piriform receses

Gutters for fluids

22

Layngopharynx communicates with?

Caudally: esophagus

Cranially: nasopharynx and oropharynx

23

4 m. types of pharynx

1. Rostral pharyngeal constictors
2. Middle pharyngeal constrictors
3. Cd. phayngeal constictors
3. Dilator of pharynx

24

2 rostral pharyngeal constrictor mm.

1. Pterygopharyngeus m.
2. Palatophayngeus m.

25

Middle pharyngeal constrictor m.

Hyopharyngeus m.

26

Hyopharyngeus m. O and I

O: thryohyoid b.

I: median dorsal pharyngeal raphe

27

2 cd. pharyngeal constrictor mm.

1. Thyropharyngeus m.
2. Cricophayngeus m.

28

Insertion of all pharyngeal constrictor mm.

Median dorsal pharyngeal raphe

29

Dilator of pharynx

Stylopharyngeus m.

30

Stylopharyngeus m. O and I

O: stylodhoid b.

I: lateral pharyngeal wall