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Flashcards in Comprehensive Test 2 Deck (42)
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0

Define the term personal trainer

student empathetic teacher of the movement and functions of the human body the internal and external forces that act upon it and who professionally motivates plans and monitors the benefits of exercise fitness and nutrition as it relates to their clients health related goal a protector of health and well-being

1

List the 12 characteristics that make up a personal trainer

knowledge empathy professionalism psychology companionship communication visual auditory teacher patients consideration common sense versatility salesmanship proactive

3

The greatest legal concerns for a personal trainer

pre-activity health screening of clients interpreting the results the development of physical activity recommendations and parameters for training the instruction and supervision of physical activity emergency preparations and timely fulfillment of such services

4

(T/F) A failure to screen or even perform screening which results in client injury may actually
increase the likelihood of legal claims and suits based upon negligence

True

5

T/F) Employers may not be r
esponsible for the actions of their employees

False

6

T/F) It is recommended to utilize applicable protective documents such as waivers, releases and
informed consents to meet their legal duties

True

7

T/F) It is not recommended to obtain liability insurance when working as an independent con-
tractor.

False

8

T/F) Professionalism has nothing to do with punctuality, appearance, presentation, knowledge
or hygiene.

False

9

Define "vicarious liability" or "respondent superior" and why it is important.

mployers are vicariously liable, that is, responsible for the negligent acts or omissions
of their employees in the course of their employment. For example, if you were to take
a
client's purse or gym bag to safeguard, both you and your employer would then be
responsible for its contents or any loss.

10

When a client complains of pain in their joints, is it in your scope of practice to diagnose their
condition?

No, this would not be within your scope of practice to diagnose

11

Define exercise physiology

exercise Physiology—the study of the cellular functions in the human body before,
during and after exercise

12

What is the
basic unit of life?

the cell

13

name the three energy systems

atp creatine phosphate system glycolysis aerobic oxidation

14

which energy systems are anaerobic? aerobic?

the atp cp system and glycolysis are considered anaerobic the aerobic oxidation system is aerobic

15

t/f the term anaerobic means oxygen is not required to function

true

16

give three examples of activities that primarily require use of the ATP CP system

weight lifting sprinting tennis

17

what is glycolysis how long does it last

glycolysis is the breakdown of carbohydrate to pyruvate or lactic acid to produce atp it last from ten seconds to three minutes

18

what is lactate threshold

lactate threshold the accumulation or rise in lactate

19

what is glucose where is it stored what is it stored as

blood sugar is the main source of anaerobic atp production glucose is stored in the muscles and liver glucose is stored as glycogen

20

what is aerobic oxidation

the aerobic pathway to produce atp

21

what part of the musculoskeletal system allows the human body to move

skeletal muscle

22

what are the three types of connective tissue that encompass muscle

endomysium perimysium epimysium

23

what is a myofibril what are the two myofilaments that compose a myofibril

myofibril the smallest unit of a muscle cell actin (thin) and myosin (thick) filaments

24

what are the two types of muscle fibers explain the difference between the two

speed of contraction and force output

25

what muscle fiber type is predominantly involved in activities such as sprinting, power lifting, and the high jump

type 2b

26

define the all or none principle

all or none principle when a myofiber is innervated by a nerve cell, the myofibrils contract totally or not at all

27

what are the three types of contraction list them in the order of strength from strongest to weakest

eccentric isometric concentric

28

define concentric strength

concentric strength the amount of musculoskeletal force to overcame a resistance by a shortening of the muscle fibers

29

define eccentric strength

eccentric strength the amount of musculoskeletal force displayed when a muscle is lengthened under tension

30

what is the function of blood

blood delivers oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body blood also retrieves waste products from the cells and carries them to be expelled or metabolized