Flashcards in Concept Glossary Deck (31)
A way of life for a group of people
Expected behaviour that define expected actions
Ideas and beliefs which a person feels are important to them
A variety of cultural and ethnic groups within a society
Culture is socially constructed by people to create social solidarity so different cultures have different ideas of crime
A smaller group within a larger group that has its own values, which are different to the wider group
The kinds of culture enjoyed by those with higher status in a society
Simple or less sophisticated version of culture
Collection of specific norms and values, which cross national boundaries. Many can communicate and travel much more = globalisation
Set of ideas that encourages people to buy a range of never ending products.
A new form of culture created from combining two or more forms of culture
The process of learning to be a part of society.
Believe that you don't need to be taught how to socialise or behave in a society because its instinct
Highly praised by many sociologists and people that believe you need to be taught socialisation about human behaviour
Agencies of socialisation
Informal process from which we learn the norms and values of our culture.
Main influence is family
We receive after primary socialisation. It is an ongoing process.
Teaching them personally on purpose
E.g. Telling a child to say 'please' and 'thankyou'
Unintentionally passing on behaviour/ manerisms
The influence or pressure to reduce deviance within a society.
Breaking away from what is considered as normal in a certain context
Formal social control
An official reaction or treatment. It is the last resort if informal social control doesn't work
Informal social control
An unofficial and casual reaction
A person looked to by others as an example to be imitated
The action of using someone or something as a model to copy.
Positive- praising an individual for rewarding actions
Negative- punishing an individual for deviant actions.
Formal- officially imposed action against an individual to discourage or encourage their actions
Informal- unofficial action or reaction against an individual to discourage or encourage their actions
Functionalism is a structural theory as it examines the structure of society as a whole. It is based on consensus theory, which basically states that most individuals within society agree upon what is acceptable and work towards meeting the needs of society as a whole
A perspective whereby the conflict of two classes reflects the inequality within society. The bourgeoisie would profit from their earnings and pay the proletariat just enough to survive on but not enough for their workload. The bourgeoisie convince the proletariat into a false class consciousness (unaware of the inequality). However, when they are aware of the exploitation from the bourgeoisie, this can become revolutionary.