Flashcards in Confidentiality Deck (17)
What is confidentiality?
Adj = Intended to be kept a secret
Noun = The state of keeping or being kept a secret/private
What is the hippocratic oath?
Written by Hippocrates in about 450BC. Describes the basic ethics of medical practice and moral code for doctors.
What is the Hippocratic Oath idea on abortion and suicide?
That neither should be supported by doctors. Modern medicine has changed this idea
What is BMA take on abortion?
Where abortion is permitted it should take place within an ethical and legal framework
Is the Hippocratic oath compulsory?
No, although it is an integral part of many medical schools
What do US physicians abide by?
Declaration of Geneva physician's oath
What do UK physicians abide by?
Core values and principles set by the GMC within "Good Medical Practice"
What are the four domains of Good Medical Practice?
1) Knowledge, skills and performance
2) Safety and quality
3) Communication, partnership and teamwork
4) Maintaining trust
What are the core components of maintaining trust within good medical practice?
- Respect for patients
- Treat patients as individuals
- Treat patients and colleagues fairly, without discrimination
- Honesty and integrity
- Never abuse trust
Why should doctors keep confidentiality?
- There is both an ethical and legal duty (could be sued)
- Patients could be put at risk
When can confidentiality be broken?
- Patients consent
- Doctors own defence
- Statutory requirement
- In court of law
- Protection of others
- In public interest
- Child abuse
What is a data guardian/caldicott?
Senior person in the NHS, local authority social care services, and partner organisations, who are responsible for protecting the confidentiality of patient information and enabling appropriate information sharing.
What is a data protection officer?
Have a statutory function under the General Data Protection Regulation to monitor a data controller’s compliance with the GDPR
What is the GDPR?
General Data Protection Regulations
What are the six principles of the GDPR?
1) Be processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner
2) Be processed for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not in any manner incompatible with those purposes
3) Be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes
4) Be accurate and up to date
5) Must not be kept for longer than is necessary
6) Be secure
What is the common law?
given or obtained in confidence should not be used or disclosed further
except in certain circumstances. This means a doctor must not disclose
confidential information, unless there is a legal basis for doing so.