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Year 3 - Ethics and Law > Confidentiality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Confidentiality Deck (17)
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What is confidentiality?

Adj = Intended to be kept a secret

Noun = The state of keeping or being kept a secret/private


What is the hippocratic oath?

Written by Hippocrates in about 450BC. Describes the basic ethics of medical practice and moral code for doctors.


What is the Hippocratic Oath idea on abortion and suicide?

That neither should be supported by doctors. Modern medicine has changed this idea


What is BMA take on abortion?

Where abortion is permitted it should take place within an ethical and legal framework


Is the Hippocratic oath compulsory?

No, although it is an integral part of many medical schools


What do US physicians abide by?

Declaration of Geneva physician's oath


What do UK physicians abide by?

Core values and principles set by the GMC within "Good Medical Practice"


What are the four domains of Good Medical Practice?

1) Knowledge, skills and performance
2) Safety and quality
3) Communication, partnership and teamwork
4) Maintaining trust


What are the core components of maintaining trust within good medical practice?

- Respect for patients
- Treat patients as individuals
- Confidentiality
- Treat patients and colleagues fairly, without discrimination
- Honesty and integrity
- Never abuse trust


Why should doctors keep confidentiality?

- There is both an ethical and legal duty (could be sued)
- Patients could be put at risk


When can confidentiality be broken?

- Referrals
- Patients consent
- Doctors own defence
- Statutory requirement
- In court of law
- Protection of others
- In public interest
- Child abuse


What is a data guardian/caldicott?

Senior person in the NHS, local authority social care services, and partner organisations, who are responsible for protecting the confidentiality of patient information and enabling appropriate information sharing.


What is a data protection officer?

Have a statutory function under the General Data Protection Regulation to monitor a data controller’s compliance with the GDPR


What is the GDPR?

General Data Protection Regulations


What are the six principles of the GDPR?

1) Be processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner
2) Be processed for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not in any manner incompatible with those purposes
3) Be adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes
4) Be accurate and up to date
5) Must not be kept for longer than is necessary
6) Be secure


What is the common law?

given or obtained in confidence should not be used or disclosed further
except in certain circumstances. This means a doctor must not disclose
confidential information, unless there is a legal basis for doing so.


What does the GDPR define personal data as?

The GDPR defines personal data as:‘any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person’