Constipation and Diarrhea Flashcards Preview

T7- DDX II > Constipation and Diarrhea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Constipation and Diarrhea Deck (25):
1

"explosive diarrhea" MC diarrhea in children in the US

C. jejuni
(enteroinvasive- secretory)

2

'Enteric Fever" --> typhoid fever

Salmonella

3

"dysentery" bloody mucus in the stool

Shigella sonne

4

food poisoning

S. aureus

5

traveler's diarrhea (outside US) , UTI

E. coli

6

hx of hiking and drinking wilderness water (1-3 wk prior)

G. lamblia

7

x: burning sensation in the abdomen, head, neck or ext., chest pn

ate: ____

MSG

8

match bact to food:

__: ham, poultry, mixed salad (24 hrs) vomit

___: fried rice, mac in cheese, diarrhea with abdominal cramps (less than 2 days)

__: meat and poultry
vomit less than 24 hrs

S. Aureus: ham, poultry, mixed salad (24 hrs) vomit

Bacillus cereus: fried rice, mac in cheese, diarrhea with abdominal cramps (less than 2 days)

C. perfringens: meat and poultry
vomit less than 24 hrs

9

rice water stool

vibrio cholerae

10

x: CNS palsies, paralysis and respiratory failure

C. botulinum

11

Adult with abdominal pn:
distention
wt loss
bl in stool

colorectal CA

12

x: radiation of pn from the back to the groin

renal/ ureter dysfunction

13

x: pn began at the umbilicus and then goes out the RLQ

Appendix

14

Hx: current hx of PID
pt now has pn in the URQ

Fitz high curtus - liver capsule inflame. as a result of PID

15

unilateral inferior abdominal pn that is worst at the end of menstration

PID

16

severe pn with nausea and vomiting - no position of relief

Kidney/ ureter stones

(MC in males: )
( humid, during summer, dehydrated)

17

types of stones seen in an individual with hemolytic anemia

cholelithiasis

(pn refers to inferior scap, nausea, vomiting)

18

x: pn on a full stomach, worst with recumbancy

reflux esophagitis

19

x: recurrent pn, felt on an EMPTY stomach. Relieved by antacids, unaffected by positions

peptic ulcer

(H. pylori)

20

x: severe pn radiating to back with hx of chronic alcohol abuse

pancreatitis

(incr: p-amylase)

21

X:
Incr AST, ALT, GGT

liver failuer

22

x: incr bl urine nitrogen, creatinine

Kidney failure

23

x: incr CKM-B, triponine I, triponine 1

heart failure

24

x: patchy, transmural involvement of SI
HLA-B27
peripheral jt pn
can result in intestinal obstruction

crohns

25

x: lower abdominal pn with low grade fever, bl in stool, mild leukocytosis

diverticulitis