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T7- DDX II > eye conditions > Flashcards

Flashcards in eye conditions Deck (18):
1

3 conditions that can cause central loss of vision

cataracts (MCC)
retinal detachment
macular degeneration

2

2 cause that can cause loss of peripheral vision

glaumona
retinitis pigmentosa

3

2 cause of eye patho that causes halos around light

1. glaucoma
2. corneal dz

4

2 pathos that cause transient loss of vision

amaurosis fugax
MS

5

decr lacrimation

sjogren's sx

6

AI attack of Ach receptors --> no Ach binding causes M weakness --> leading to double vision

myasthenia gravis

7

3 causes of facial neuralgia

1. trigeminal tic douloureuz (mandibular & maxillary)
2. glossopharyngeal (unilateral)
3. sphenoplatatine ganglioneuralgia (brain freeze)

8

3 causes of sharp facial pn

1. trigeminal neuralgia
2. migraine
3. temporal arteritis

9

2 causes of dry eyes

1. hyperthyroidism
2. sjorgren's sx

10

x: deep, dull pn worst with bending forward or atmospheric changes

sinusitis

11

x: decr night vision caused by congenital degeneration of retinal rods

yellow waxy disc is seen

retinitis pigmentosa

pop: children and young adults

12

Acute vs. open angle glaucoma

acute: block of humor flow
* halos around light
* uniateral

open: past hx of surgery or trauma
* peripheral field effected
* bilateral

13

X: vision loss (unilateral) lasting for a few min.

PE: ipsi carotid bruit

amaurosis fugax

hx: DM, HT, smoking

14

x: blind spots that come and go.
NCV: shows decr N condiction systemically

MS

(26 yo female) `

15

x: unilateral central vision loss that is caused by:
primary: demyelination dz like MS
secondary: infection

Optic neuritis

16

x: sudden vision loss
* HA
* polymyalgia
* jaw claudication
* incr C-reactive proteins
* incr ESR

temproal arteritis

(pop 50+)

17

x: genetic deletion of long arm of chromosome 13 --> resulting in vision loss

retintoblastoma
(pop: child)

18

x: facial pn over the orbits, nasal lacrimation, horner's sx

cluster HA

(males, alcohol/ smoker)