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Flashcards in constitution Deck (33):
0

define republic

a type of government in which people (voters) choose (elect) representatives to make the laws

1

the sharing of power to govern is shared between federal and states government

federalism

2

not allowed by or against the constitution. the Supreme Court can declare acts of the other 2 branches to be *blank*

unconstitutional

3

a system designed to sepeeate power among the 3 branches of government can check or limit the power of the other 2 branches

checks and balances

4

an addition or change to a formal document such as the constitution

amendment

5

how many amendments have there been to the constitution

27

6

name the 4 roles of the president

chief diplomat
commander in chief
head of state
legislative advisor

7

a group of advisors that help the president set government policy

cabinet

8

what is the name given to the first 10 amendments to the U.S. constitution

bill of rights

9

what is the first step involved in a bill becoming a law

a bill is presented to congress

10

what is the second step involved in a bill becoming a law

congress votes on the bill. it's needs a simple majority to pass

11

what is the third step involved In a bill becoming a law

once a bill is approved by congress it goes to the president. if he approves it, it becomes a law. if he does not approve (veto) it goes back to congress

12

what is the fourth step involved in a bill becoming a law

once the bill is back in congress they vote on it again. however now it needs a 2/3 majority

13

what is the fifth step involved in a bill becoming a law

if it gets a 2/3 majority while in congress the second time, it becomes a law.

14

what is the sixth step involved in a bill becoming a law

the Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional and it will be dismissed as a law. this is how the court interprets the law

15

all citizens have the right to and from religion

amendment 1

16

people have the right to say and print/write what they want

amendment 1

17

people have the right to assemble for any reason

amendment 1

18

people have the right to petition the government

amendment 1

19

the federal government cannot deny the right of the states to train a militia using guns

amendment 2

20

has come to mean the right of citizens to own guns

amendment 2

21

the federal government cannot force you to provide shelter and good for soldiers

amendment 3

22

people's homes cannot be invaded or searched by the government without a warrant and a good reason

amendment 4

23

two parts

amendment 5

24

if you are proven not guilty of a crime you cannot be brought to trial again for it

amendment 5

25

you do not have to offer evidence in court that might go against you or hurt you

amendment 5

26

if you are accused of a crime you have a right to a trial by jury and the right to an attorney

amendment 6

27

right to an attorney in civil cases that involve large sums of money ($20)

amendment 7

28

punishment for crimes must be fair

amendment 8

29

guarantees that the rights acknowledged in the previous 8 amendments are not the only rights of the citizens

amendment 9

30

your right to more rights

amendment 9

31

this amendment is about power between the federal government and the states

amendment 10

32

powers not given to the federal government in the constitution automatically become powers to the states

amendment 10