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Flashcards in Contemporary Issue Deck (18)
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1

What are the 5 key areas of RCOA + project

1. policy
2. support of refugees
3. support for its members
4. community education
5. administration
-Roof over my head campaign:stops the gov reducing funding

2

What is the domestic NGO (non-legal) response to refugees

Refugee Council of Australia

3

What are the 2 international non-legal measures regarding refugees

- Amnesty International: Campaigns and reports the treatment of refugees
-Human rights watch: defends their rights

4

What is the Regional ressetlement Arrangement Aust/PNG

Where Australia sent refugees without visas to PNG whilst awaiting for their claims to be assessed

5

Effectiveness of legal/non-legal measures in regards to refugees (6)

Resource efficiency: offshore processing is expensive ($55million for 3 refugees to resettle in Thailand)
Accessibility: strict criteria
Enforceability: State sovereignty can do what it wants hence offshore processing
Responsiveness: Second highest number of refugees per capita
Protection of Individual rights: abuse in Naura/ PNG
Has justice been achieved: If refugees arriving officially then yes but ones coming via boat and land illegally or being sent offshore so no

6

What is a refugee?

A person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape, war, persecution or natural disaster

7

what is an asylum seeker?

A person who has left their country as a political refugee and is seeking asylum in another

8

What countries are the top 5 sources of refugees?

Syria
Afghanistan
South Sudan
Myanmar
Somalia

9

What are the top 5 countries that receive refugees?

Turkey
Jordan
Pakistan
Uganda
Lebanon

10

Why are people seeking refuge?

A series of civil wars and military conflicts in the middle East, Africa and Asia, specifically the top 5 countries wars against IS

11

When has the IS conflict been occurring since?

2010
Syria since Arab Spring 2010
South Sudan since it became newest country in 2011
Myanmar since 2014

12

Why are their conflicts in Syria

Government trying to suppress political unrest with force turns into full blown civil war

13

What are people leaving Myanmar?

Governments persecution of minority groups such as the Rohingya

14

How is refugees being managed

-UNHRC and the OHCR are attempting to support refugees and the nations hosting them
-Millions are fleeing to neighbouring countries

15

What is Australias involvement with Asylum seekers

Accepting asylum seekers who are political refugees (takes up to 2-3 years to check not criminals)

16

5 International legal responses to refugees

1. UDHR: guarantees the right to seek and enjoy asylum in other countries
2. UN refugee convention 1951: definition of refugee
3. 1967 protocol relating to the status of refugees
4. OHCR: office of high commissioner fro refugees
5. UNHRC: UN human rights council:promote and protect human rights around the world

17

5 Domestic (Australia) legal measures to refugees

1. Signed and ratified IL
2. signatory to 1951 refugee convention
3. signatory to 1967 protocol on refugees
4. Migration act 1958 (clth)
5. offshore processing (funded by gov)

18

What does the Migration act 1958 (clth) ensure regarding refugees?

Obliged to take in refugees and asylum seekers from foreign countries (2018-24,000 refugees (the guardian))