corrections chapter 5-8 Flashcards Preview

corrections > corrections chapter 5-8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in corrections chapter 5-8 Deck (209)
Loading flashcards...
1

Three steps of supervision

-P.O establishes relationship and defines roles
-Establish supervision goals
-Officer decides how to terminate probation

2

what is a PSI

Pre Sentencing Investigation

3

Presentnecing Investigation

serves mainly to help the judge select an appropriate sentence

4

When is a PSI ordered

after the offenders conviction (normaly after a guilty plea)

5

How does a PSI begin

normally by interviewing the offender to obtain basic background information

6

PSI also includes statements from

-witnesses of the crime
-the investigating police officers
-victim or the next of kin

7

Two techniques to improve validity and reliability for PSI's

verification and objectivity

8

verification

cross check info since most is hearasy

9

objectivity

avoid vague conclusions about the case (hes immature)

10

In the PSI, probation officers answer three questions

-What circumstances promote a sentence other than prison?
-What aggravating circumstances suggest that prison is the best alternative?
-Does the offender have special needs that the community would meet best?

11

How offten do Judges follow PSI recomendations

70-90% of the time

12

cleansing of a psi

redacts confindential comments and clinical statements

13

williams v. new york (1949)

judge imposed death sentence and jur recomended life

14

The supervisory Function

-Probation supervision follows universally accepted standards
-probation officer has the responsibility to develop a case plan that observes such standards
-Case plan prescribes a combination of activities and reporting features based on probationer needs

15

3 major elements of supervision

- the officer
- the offender
- the bureacuracy

16

Major conflict or Probation Officer

enforcing the law and helping the offender

17

Peace officer statutes of Probabtion Officere

-In 20 jurisdictions, some or all probation officers are peace officers with full police powers of arrest/search warrant

-In 18 jurisdictions, the probation officer may arrest someone under their supervision or interfering with their duties; however, these officers do not have the peace officer status

-Ten jurisdictions specifically prohibit the probation officer from arresting anyone

-Three states have local options systems (california, ohio and pennsylvania)

18

Probation officers in CT

can not carry fire arm

19

motivational interviewing

This strategy allows an increase in the effectiveness of correctional treatment to promote the offender’s stake in the change process

20

The Bureaucracy

-All supervision activities take place in the context of a bureaucratic organization

-Formal and Informal

21

3 types of conditions imposed on a probationer

-curfew
-empolyment
-reporting to office

22

punitive conditions

includes fines , community service and some form of restitution

23

Treatment conditions

for the probationer to deal with a significant problem or need ( alcohol or anger managment)

24

The effectiveness depends on several factors including:

Skill/Competence of officer
Availability of treatment services
Needs and motives of probationer

25

recidivism

The return of a former correctional client to criminal behavior as measured by arrests

26

Case management systems

help focus the supervision effort of probation officers on probationer problems

27

5 part model system

Statistical risk assessment
Systematic needs assessment
Contact supervision standards
Case planning
Workload accounting

28

Statistical risk assessment

Use of this reduces overprediction

29

Systematic needs assessment

Evaluating probationer’s problems according to a list of potential needs

30

Contact supervision standards

Spend time with clients that are “high risk”