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Flashcards in Correlative Neuroanatomy 2 Deck (36)
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1

most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage

trauma

2

most common cause of spontaneous SAH

berry aneurysym

3

most common site involved in hypertensive intracranial hypertension

basal ganglia (caudate putamen)

4

ruptured berry aneurysm is most commonly associated with this condition

Adult polycystic kidney disease

5

condition in children associated with thoracic aneurysms and CAD

Kawasaki

6

Pulseless disease

Takayasu arteritis

7

Takayasu arteritis commonly affects

medium sized arteries

8

regulation of PRL is primarily inhibited from hypothalamus thru this neurotransmitter

dopamine

9

atrophy of caudate nucleus leading to boxcar ventricles

Huntington's chorea

10

Neurofibrillary tangles comprised of Tau protein are densely found

hippocampus
entorrhinal complex
amygdala

11

compression of optic chiasm leads to

bitemporal hemianopsia

12

area of viable neurons that surround ischemic area of brain

penumbra

13

recommended golden period to give rTPA is within

4.5 hours from time of ictus

14

nerve supplying superior oblique muscle

trochlear

15

presence of babinski reponse, spasticity and hyperreflexia

UMN disease

16

nerve supply of lateral rectus muscle

abducens

17

what landmark is used to locate middle meningeal artery

pterion

18

blood vessel found underlying the thinnest portion of the skull

pterion

19

crescent shaped hematom

subdural hematoma

20

subdural hematoma is rupture of

bridging veins

21

downward displacement of cerebellar tonsils and medulla thru foramen magnum

Arnold chiari malformation

22

cerebral hematoma associated with lucid interval

epidural hematoma

23

most common functioning pituitary adenoma

prolactinoma

24

failure of posterior vertebral arches to close

spina bifida

25

spina bifida with no clinically apparent abnormalities

spina bifida occulta

26

terminal portion of spinal cord

conus medullaris

27

In most adults, the spinal cord ends at level of

L1

28

This is called ipsilateral hemiplegia and contralateral pain and temperature sensation deficits.

Brown-sequard syndrome

29

big toe corresponds with dermatome

L4
some reference will say L5

30

involved in Broca's aphasia

inferior frontal gyrus