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Flashcards in Microbiology Deck (92)
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1

First to report on his observations of accurate description and drawings on baceteria and protozoa

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

2

Invented the microscope

Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

3

Proved germ theory of disease

Louis Pasteur

4

Disproved theory on spontaneous generation

Louis Pasteur

5

Father of microbiology

Louis Pasteur

6

First Koch postulate

The microorganism must be isolated from diseased organism and grown in PURE CULTURE

7

Second koch postulate

The cultured microorganism should cause disease when introduced into a healthy organism

8

3rd koch postulate

This organism must be reisolated from inoculated, diseased, experimental host, and identified as identical to the original specific causative agent

9

Discovered penicilin

Alexander Flemming

10

Discovered capillaria philippinensis

Nelia Salazar

11

Adopted a system of nomenclature (taxonomy)

Carolus Linnaeus

12

The mordant - to fix primary stain

Iodine

13

Most cocci are gram positive except

Neisseria
Moraxella (Branhamella)
Veillonella

14

Primary stain of AFB stain

Carbolfuchsin

15

Counterstain in AFB stain

Methylene blue

16

3 common methods for AFB stain

Ziehl-Neelsen
Kinyoun
Auramine- Rhodamine Fluorochrome stain

17

Acid fast organisms
Enumerate 5

1. Mycobacterium
2. Nocardia
3. Cryptosporidium
4. Isospora
5. Legionella micdadei

18

Most common cause of meningitis with a AIDS

Crytococcus neoformans

19

Crytococcus neoformans
Diagnostic

India ink

20

Strep Group A

S. Pyogenes

21

Strep group B

S. Agalactiae

22

Strep Group C, G

S. Dygalactiae susbp. Equismilis

23

Nonhemolytic strep

Lancfield group D

24

S. Pneumonia vs S. Pyogenes

S. Pneumoniae- alpha hemolytic
S. Pyogenes- beta

25

Strep lancet shaped

S. Pneumoniae

26

Virulence of S. Pneumoniae

Capsule - resist phagocytosis
IgA protease

27

S. Pneumoniae
Biochemical test

Quellung rxn
Bile solubility
Optochin sensitivity

28

Most common cause of lobar pneumonia
Rusty sputum

S. Pneumoniae

29

Encapsulated strep

S. Pneumoniae

30

Draughtsman coin morphology
Microbe

S. Pneumoniae