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A Level Sociology: Families and Households (AQA) > Couples > Flashcards

Flashcards in Couples Deck (48)
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1

What points can be made about the domestic division of labour?

Parsons: Instrumental and expressive roles
Joint and segregated roles
Symetrical family
Feminist view

2

What roles did Parsons come up with?

Instrumental
Expressive

3

What were Parsons instrumental and expressive roles?

Instumental: Husband is the breadwinner
Exprssive: Wife is homemaker
Based on positive biological differences

4

How is Parsons critisized?

Division is not benificial to everyone
Young and Willmott: The family is changing as women go out to work and men take a bigger responsability with childcare

5

How do Young and Willmott critisize Parsons?

The family is changing as women go out to work and men take a bigger responsability with childcare

6

Who came up with Joint and Segregated roles

Bott

7

What are segregated conjugal roles?

Couples have seperate roles where the women is the homemaker and the man is the breadwinner. They have seperate leisure activities

8

What are joint conjugal roles?

The couple share tasks such as childcare and cleaning. They tend to spend leisure time together

9

Who came up with the idea of the symmetrical family?

Willmott and Young

10

What is the symmetrical family?

Family is improving and becoming more democratic as women go out to work and men help more with childcare

11

Where is the symmetrical family most common?

Young middle-class families

12

What recent social changes have helped lead to the rise of the symmetrical family?

Women going out to work
Couples being more georgaphically mobile
New technology meaning housework is less time consuming

13

How does Oakley critisize Willmott and Young's idea of the symmetrical family?

They exaggerated their claims as men 'helping' their wives doesn't show true equality.

14

What is the feminist perspective on the division of labour?

Women still do all the work and are more likely to take overall responsability for their child's care.
25% of fathers were highly active in childcare and only share in the positive aspects so the mothers lose out on rewarding time with the children

15

According to feminists, what percentage of fathers are highly active in childcare?

25%

16

What evidence is there to support the march of progress view that couples are becoming more equal?

Working women do less work than housewives so Gershuny thinks that women working leads to a more equal division of labour
Social Attitudes Survey 2013 found less people support traditional gender roles

17

How does Gershuny support the march of progress view?

Women working leads to a more equal division of labour

18

How does the British Social Attitudes Survey (2013) support the march of progress view?

Less people support traditional gender roles
In 1984, 45% of men supported it but in 2013 it was 13%

19

Acording to the British Social Attitudes Survey what percentage of men supported traditional gender roles in 1984?

45%

20

Acording to the British Social Attitudes Survey what percentage of men supported traditional gender roles in 2013?

13%

21

What points can be made when looking at the feminist view of if couples are becoming more equal?

Taking responsability for children
Taking responsability for quality time

22

What is the feminist view of couples becoming more equal?

The British Social Attitudes Survey also shows men do 8 hours of housework a week while women do 13
60% of women think the division of labour is unjust

23

What parcentage of women think that the division of labour is unjust?

60%

24

What evidence to feminists give than women take more responability for childcare?

Dex and Ward: Less than 1% took responsability to care for sick children
Hochschild: Women have a triple shift

25

What are the three parts of the triple shift?

Housework
Pair work
Emotion work

26

What do Dex and Ward argue about responsability for childcare?

Less than 1% took responsability to care for sick children

27

Who takes responsability for organising quality time?

Women

28

What are the differences in men and women's leisure time according to Gershuny?

Men take their time in ininterrupted blocks while women take theirs around their children

29

Who came up with the cultural and material explanations for the division of labour?

Crompton and Lyonette

30

What is the cultural explanation for behaviour?

Influanced by patriarchial values where women do more housework because they have been socilised to think that is expected of them