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A Level Sociology: Families and Households (AQA) > Family Diversity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Family Diversity Deck (24)
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What is the functionalist view?

Parsons: The nuclear family is best and all other family types are dysfunctional and less suited to perform the functions needed today


Which functionalist commented?



What is the New Right view?

The nuclear family is best with traditional gender roles that are based on biological differences.
Lone parent families are harmful as they can't provide for their children and don't give them appropriate role models


How do the New Right see cohabitation compared to marriage?

Marriage is more stable as it requires deliberate commitment
Family diversity undermines the conventional family
Benson: The state needs to encourage couples to marry


What does Benson argue?

Family breakdown is highest before the baby is 3, less if the couple is married
The state needs to encourage couples to marry


What kind of sociologist is Benson?

New Right


How is the New Right comparision of cohabitation and marriage criticised?

Oakley: Roles not fixed by biology
Feminists: Nuclear family based on patriarchial opression
No evidence children in lone parent families are delinquant
Cohabitation depends on the meanings people give
Cohabitation breakdown higher in poor areas so poverty may cause it


How does Oakley criticise the New Right comparision of cohabitation and marriage?

The roles of spouses are not fixed by biology and are socially constructed. It is a negative reaction to feminism


How does feminists criticise the New Right comparision of cohabitation and marriage?

The nuclear family is based on patriarchial opression and keeps women financially dependant on men.


Which sociologist identifyed the neo-conventional family?



What is the neo-conventional family?

Due-earner married couple


What patterns does Chester identify that show the nuclear family is still ideal?

Statistics are misleading
Young people have yet to marry
Most people live in a family headed by a married couple
Most children reared by their natural parents
Most people who are divorced get remarried
Cohabitation is a temporary phase before marriage
Children are still jointly registered


What five types of diversity do the Rapoports identify?

Social class
Life stage


What is organisational diversity?

Diversity in the way family roles are organised such as joint or seperate conjugal roles


What is cultural diversity?

How different cultural and ethnic groups have different structures


What is social class diversity?

How different classes have different structures due to income


What is life stage diversity?

At different stages of life, family roles are organised differently. The nuclear family is less commn with older people as their spouse is dead


What is generational diversity?

Older and younger people have different attitudes towards the family


What is said about postmodernism and family diversity?

Chea says society is not orderly and predictable so there is no dominant family type. People have more freedom to plot their own life course but this also increases instability


What does Stacey say about postmodern families?

It has benifited women and let them free themselves from patriarchial opression. Women have been the main agents of change.
Rise of divorce-extended families shows families change shape depending on needs
Morgan: Can't generalise


What does Morgan note about postmodern families?

It's impossible to generalise


Which sociologists came up with individualisation thesis?

Gidddens and Beck


What is the individualisation thesis?

Giddens and Beck argue social structures have lost influance and there are fewer fixed rules for people to follow so they construct their own way.


What does Giddens say about choice and equality?

There is more equality and greater choice for women due to the rise in contraception so intamacy is the main reason why relationships excist.
Less external forces on a relationship so there are more pure relationships