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Flashcards in CPR Deck (26):

What are some reasons why someone might be afraid to assist someone?

1. They just assume they'll be fine
2. Attention drawn toward themselves
3. Might think that it's none of their business


What are "good samaritan" laws?

It provides (basic) legal protection for those who (assist) a person who is injured or in danger.; REASCHABLE ASSISTANCE


What determines whether you should call 9-1-1?

Unresponsiveness; Severe Bleeding; Trouble breathing


What 4 things should you do when providing care?

1. Do no further harm 2. Monitor vital signs 3. Keep person calm and comfortable 4. Give any specific care as needed; control bleeding


What do you tell a conscious victim?

Tell Victim not to move; Can I assist you?; What happened?; Do you feel pain/discomfort anywhere?; Do you have any allergies?; Do you have a medical condition?


What are 6 possible causes of unconsciousness?

1. Heart Attack (myocardial infarction) 2. Stroke 3. Seizure 4. Head Injury/ direct trauma 5. Drug overdose 6. Electrocution


When is brain damage possible?

4-6 Min


When is brain damage likely?

6-10 min


When is irreversible brain damage likely?

10 min


Should you call or care first?

If you are the ONLY person at the scene call for help first; If this is NOT possible, give 2 min of care and then go for help


What should you do when there is conscious choking?

Ask the person if they are choking; Ask if you can help; If they are coughing, encourage them to continue coughing; Have the person bend over and perform (5) back blows between the shoulder blades.; Place one foot between the victims, then perform (5) abdominal thrusts


When do you perform CPR?

When person is unresponsive, not breathing, or not breathing normally.


How long do you continue CPR for?

1. The scene becomes unsafe. 2. See/feel signs of circulation 3. AED ready to use 4. Too exhausted to continue 5. Another trained responder takes over. 6. EMS takes over.


What are the common signals of a heart attack for women?

(Everything listed before, except) women may experience abdominal pain ( +) women don't experience chest pain.


How do you lessen heart attack damage?



If the person is able to take medicine by mouth ask?

Are you allergic to aspirin?
Do you have a stomach ulcer or stomach disease?
Are you taking blood thinners, such as warfarin?
Have you ever been told by a doctor to avoid taking aspirin?
If the person answers no to all of those (?'s) you may offer him or her two chew-able baby aspirins, or one 5-grain (325) adult aspirin tablet.
Do not use coated aspirin products


What are the five parts of the cardiac chain of survival?

1. Recognize emergency +call 911
2. Early CPR
3. Early Defibrillation
4. Early Advanced Care
5. Integrated post cardiac arrest care.


What triggers the initial electrical impulse in the heart?

The sin-atrial (SA) node


Where does the impulse travel down to?

The atrio-ventricular (AV) node


What is the name of the device that measures the heart's electrical rhythm?

An electro-cardiogram
Heart Monitor


What are the two most common types of cardiac emergencies?

1. Cardiac Arrest 2. Myocardial Infarction


What is ventricular fibrillation?

Hearts electrical activity become disordered; Heart's chambers contract in a rapid, unsynchronized way; Heart pumps little/ no blood


What is it called when there is NO electrical activity occurring in the heart? Can this be corrected with defibrillation?

Asystole, no


What is v-tach?

Ventricular tachycardia is a rapid heartbeat due to excessive chemical activity.


When the heart fails it is called--



What is an AED?

Automated External Defibrillator