CR_Ch.3--Ethical Research Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CR_Ch.3--Ethical Research Deck (20):
1

anonymous

In research, data are anonymous when, once collected, a researcher is completely unable to identify the participant who provided the data.

2

Belmont Report

An American report from 1978 that outlined the "ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research".

3

Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC)

A Canadian organization responsible for setting standards for the thical treatment of animals in research and ensuring that they are upheld.

4

concern for welfare (TCPS)

Principle that research should have beneficial effects while minimizing any harmful effects.

5

confederate

A person posing as a participant in an experiment who is actually part of the experiment

6

confidential

Principle that information is kept private; disclosure is limited only to the minimum number of people necessary.

7

debriefing

Explanation of the purposes of the research is given to participants following their participation in the research.

8

deception

Any time a researcher misleads participants into believing something about the study that is not true

9

Ethics Code

Documents created by research organizations and nations that offer guidance to researchers and professionals for ensuring the safety and welfare of research participants.

10

exempt research

Research in which there is absolutely no risk, and thus may be exempt from REB review.

11

fraud

The intentional misrepresentation of any aspect of research (e.g., data analyses, participants).

12

informed consent

In research ethics, the principle that participants in an experiment be informed in advance of all aspects of the research that may influence their decision to participate.

13

justice (TCPS)

Principle that all individuals and groups should have fair and equal access to the benefits of research participation as well as potential risks of research participation.

14

minimal risk research

Research that involves no greater risks to participants than they would encounter in their daily lives.

15

plagiarism

The intentional or unintentional use of another person's work without adequately indicating the source.

16

Research Ethics Board (REB)

An ethics review committee established to review research proposals within a university. The REB is composed of scientists, non-scientists, and legal experts.

17

respect for persons (TCPS)

Principle that all individuals should have the free and informed choice to participate in a study or not.

18

risk-benefit analysis

A researcher's or REB's evaluation of the potential hazards of conducting a study, weighed against the potential beenfits to participants and to society.

19

"three Rs"

In animal research, the principles of replacement (avoid using animals if possible), reduction (minimize the number of animals used), and refinement (modify procedures to minimize distress).

20

Tri-Council Policy Statement (TCPS)

In Canada, the official statement of ethical conduct for research involving humans; researchers and institutions are expected to adhere to this document to receive federal research funds.