CR_Ch.5--Measurement Concepts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CR_Ch.5--Measurement Concepts Deck (20):
1

concurrent validity

The construct validity of a measure is assessed by examining whether groups of people differ on the measure in expected ways.

2

construct validity

The degree to which a measurement device accurately measures the theoretical construct it is designed to measure.

3

content validity

An indicator of construct validity of a measure in which the content of the measure is compared to the universe of content that defines the construct.

4

convergent validity

The construct validity of a measure is assessed by examining the extent to which scores on the measure are related to scores on other measures of the same construct or similar constructs

5

Cronbach's alpha

An indicator of internal consistency relability assessed by examining the average correlation of each item (question) in a measure with every other question.

6

discriminant validity

The construct validity of a measure is assessed by examining the extent to which scores on the measure are not related to scores on conceptually unrelated measures.

7

face validity

The degree to which a measurement device appears to accurately measure a variable.

8

internal consistency reliability

Reliability assessed with data collected at one point in time with multiple measures of a psychological construct. A measure is reliable when the multiple measures provide similar results.

9

interrater reliability

An indicator of relability that examines the agreement of observations made by two or more raters (judges).

10

interval scale

A scale of measurement in which the intervals between numbers on the scale are all equal in size.

11

measurement error

The degree to which a measurement deviates from the true score value.

12

nominal scale

A scale of measurement with two or more categories that have no numerical (less than, greater than) properties.

13

ordinal scale

A scale of measurement in which the measurement categories form a rank order along a continuum.

14

Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient

A type of correlational coefficient that is used with interval and ratio scale data. In addition to providing information on the strength of relationship between two variables, the Pearson PMCR indicates the direction (positive or neagtive) of the relationship.

15

predictive validity

The construct validity of a measure is assessed by examining the ability of the measure to predict a future variable.

16

ratio scale

A scale of measurement in which there is an absolute zero point, indicating an absence of the variable being measured. An implication is that ratios of numbers on the scale can be formed (generally, these are physical measures such as weight, or timed measures such as duration or reaction time.

17

reactivity

A problem of measurement in which the measure changes the behaviour being observed.

18

reliability

The degree to which a measure is consistent.

19

test-retest reliability

A reliability coefficient determined by the correlation between scores on a measure given at one time with scores on the same emasure given at a later time.

20

true score

An individual's actual score on a variable being measured, as opposed to the score the individual obtained on the measure itself.