CR_Ch.6--Observational Methods Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CR_Ch.6--Observational Methods Deck (11):
1

archival research

The use of existing sources of information for research. Sources include statistical records, survey archives, and written records.

2

case study

A descriptive account of the behaviour, past history, and other relevant factors concerning a specified individual.

3

coding system

A set of rules used to categorize observations.

4

concealed observation

A type of naturalistic observation in which the researcher assumes a role in the setting he or she is researching, but conceals the purpose of the research.

5

content analysis

Systematic analysis of the content of written records.

6

naturalistic observation

Descriptive method in which observations are made in a natural social setting. Sometimes referred to as field observations.

7

participant observation

A type of naturalistic observation in which the researcher assumes a role in the setting he or she is researching. The researcher's participation may or may not be concealed.

8

qualitative approach

A set of approaches to research that emphasize people's lived experiences in their own words, and the researcher's interpretation of those experiences.

9

quantitative approach

An approach to research that emphasizes scientific empiricism in design, data collection, and statistical analyses.

10

reactivity

A problem of measurement in which the measure changes the behaviour being observed.

11

systematic observation

Observation of one or more specific variables, usually made in a precisely defined setting.