Cranial Strains and Movement Patterns Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cranial Strains and Movement Patterns Deck (33)
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1

midline bones

occiput
sphenoid
mandible
vomer
ethmoid
frontal

2

Paired bones

frontal
parietal
squamous temporals
squamous occiput
inferior nasal concha
lacrimal
maxilla
nasal
palatine
zygoma
frontal

3

Midline bones

flexion/extension
usually rotate about a transverse axis in a anterior/posterior direction

4

paired bones

internal/external rotation
usually move about AP axis in a lateral motion

5

Ethmoid parts

horizontal - cribriform plate
perpendicular plate
lateral masses (2)

6

Ethmoid flexion

rotates around a transverse axis
crista galli swings superiorly and posteriorly
lateral masses externally rotate(expand inferiorly)

7

Ethmoid extension

rotates around a transverse axis
crista galli swings inferiorly and anteriorly
lateral masses internally rotate(compress inferiorly)

8

5 articulations of the Vomer

nasal septum
ethmoid
sphenoid
palatines
maxillae

9

Vomer flexion

rotates around a transverse axis
wide flat palate
posterior part depresses the palatine, flattening the roof of the mouth
anterior part ascends to allow premaxillae to externally rotate

10

Vault Contact

Index fingers rest of the greater sphenoid wing, just posterior to the frontozygomatic suture
Middle fingers anterior to the ear on temporal
ring fingers rest on the mastoid process
pinky fingers rest on the occiput
palms may rest upon the parietals
thumbs may contact the frontal bone

11

Lateral Strain Axis

Two vertical axis

12

Lateral Strain Names

for the direction of the base of the sphenoid

13

Lateral Strain Motion

motion happens in the same direction

14

Lateral Strain Palpation

1st fingers move in opposite direction from pinky fingers
side of strain moves anteriorly

15

Vertical Strain Axis

two transverse axis

16

Vertical strain named

named for the direction of the base of the sphenoid

17

Vertical strain motion

motion happens in the same direction

18

Vertical strain palpation

superior - 1st fingers move away from practitioner, pinky fingers move toward practitioner
inferior - 1st fingers move toward the practitioner, pinky fingers move away from practitioner

19

Torsion axis

one sagittal axis (AP)

20

Torsion named

named for the higher greater wing of the sphenoid

21

Torsion motion

motion happens in opposite directions about the axis

22

Torsion palpation

1st finger and pinky of one hand move superiorly while the other hand moves inferiorly

23

Sidebending rotation axis

one sagittal (AP)
two vertical

24

sidebending rotation named

named for the convexity developed in the cranium
(full side)

25

sidebending rotation motion

motion is in the same direction about sagittal axis
motion is opposite on the vertical axes

26

sidebending rotation palpation

named side feels "fuller"
1st finger and pinky move away from each other and out.
opposite side "shrinks"
1st finger and pinky move toward each other and in

27

compression axis

sagittal (AP)

28

compression causes

significant trauma, depression, anxiety
may mimic other patterns

29

location of trauma to cause lateral strain

A or P to SBS

30

location of trauma to cause vertical strain

either in front or behind SBS on superior or inferior aspect of the head