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Flashcards in OAT Peds Deck (66)
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1

red flags on history and exam

neck pain and fever
hip pain in obese child

2

HVLA is

rarely necessary in young children
relatively contraindicated in hypermobile joints

3

Very useful OMT

Articulatory, myofascial, FPR, lymphatic, BLT, and cranial

4

Common Infant Complaints

Colic
GERD
Constipation
Torticollis
Otitis media
URI
Croup
Brachial plexus injury
Cerebral Palsy
club foot

5

Cardinal movements of labor

flexion
IR
Extension
ER

6

Foramen affected by labor

Juglar foramen - CNs IX, X, XI, inferior pertosal and sigmoid sinuses
Hypoglossal canal

7

CN IX

PSNS - parotid gland
motor - Ambiguus N.
somatosensory - Spinal Trigeminal N.

8

CN X

PSNS - vagal n.
Motor - ambiguus N.
Somatosensory - spinal trigeminal N.

9

CN XI

Spinal accessory
innervates the trapezius and sternocleidomastoid

10

CN XII

hypoglossal
innervates intrinsic and extrinsic muscles of the tongue

11

Compress of jugular foramen may cause dysfunction of

tongue motion (poor suck)- IX and XII
Intestinal peristalsis (constipation, GERD, colic) - X
SCM/Trapezius motion (torticollis)- XI

12

Infant spine

C-spine has slight lordosis which increases a baby can support head
thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis have yet to develop

13

Anterior fontanelle closes at

12 - 36m

14

Posterior fontanelle closes at

2-3 m

15

sphenoid fontanelle closes at

6 m

16

mastoid fontanelle closes at

6-18 m

17

most common SD in infants

occiput

18

SD in infants that affects the most cranial ns

temporal

19

in infants, a internally rotated temporal bone increased likelihood of

otits media

20

operative vaginal delivery can cause

CN VI - lateral rectus palsy
CN VII - facial palsy

21

reason otitis media is more common in chidlren

eustachian tube flatter in infants

22

what needs to be ruled out or considered before OMM

craniosynostosis

23

Synostotic trigoncephaly

metopic suture fusion

24

synostotic scaphocephaly

sagittal suture fusion

25

synostotic brachycephaly

bicoronal suture fusion

26

synostotic posterior plagiocephaly

unilateral lambdoid suture fusion

27

synostotic anterior plagiocephaly

unicoronal suture fusion

28

deformational posterior plagiocephaly

all sutures open

29

positional plagiocephaly

plane of eyes is titled like plane of head
ear on flattened side more anterior
forehead protruding on the side of the flattening
unilateral bald spot
"parallelogram-shaped" head
frequently associated with torticollis and lateral strain

30

brachycephaly

head is wider than long
back of head is flat rather than curved
vertical strain or flexion strain