A schema for identifying steps of an argument
Reasons of an argument
The outcome of an argument
A conclusion that functions as a premise for a further conclusion
A sub conclusion
A line of argument where the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion
An argument that draws its conclusion about one thing by its likeness to another thing
Argument by analogy
These are dangerous because they are highly persuasive even when incorrect.
When the premises imply the conclusion such that if the premises are true the conclusion has to be true.
Validity of argument
A deductive argument incorrectly formed
Line of argument that produces only a probable conclusion.
The truth of the premises does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion
While validity is an ____ judgement, soundness is a ____ judgement.
When 1. The argument is valid and 2. The premises are true.
A Statement that asserts a relationship between two categories
Composed of categorical statements
Every categorical statement has two parts. A ____ and a ____.
Three step transitive argument
An argument has three basic components, these are
A conditional statement is a statement of the form if… Then…
The if part is the ____
The then part is the ____
Antecedent / Consequent
The phrase that affirms or denies something about the subject
Tells how the world should be
Tells how things will be
Words that represent a certain kind of relationship between premises and conclusions
Syllogistic errors or any mistake in reasoning
Tells how the world is
A discussion in which reasons are advanced in favour of a proposal.
A set of reasons/evidence or premises that are given in support of a conclusion.