Flashcards in Definitions Deck (12)
Attempting to find what premise or premises would have to be added to make the inference valid.
A statement of the form "if ... then ....", where the "if", the antecedent is reliant on the "then", the consequent.
A line of argument where the truth of the premises guarantees the truth of the conclusion.
Where the truth of the premises only gives a high probability of the truth of the conclusion.
Represents the relationship between the premise and the conclusion.
True premises + validity of argument = Soundness
Comparing one thing to another due to their likeness to each other.
Words that bully us into accepting conclusions and premises when the reasoning is weak or flawed.
Where the premises imply the conclusion such that if the premises are true the conclusion must also be true.
Mistakes or flaws in reasoning.
Words or phrases whose role is to help identify the structure of the reasoning.