Cultual & Ethnic Ch 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cultual & Ethnic Ch 8 Deck (47):
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Society

A nation, community, or board group of people who established particular Ames, believes, or standards of living and conduct

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Culture

A set of learned values, beliefs, customs, and practices that are shared by a group and are passed from one generation to another

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Subculture

Share many characteristics with the primary culture, but has characteristic patterns of behavior And ideals that distinguish it from the rest of this cultural group

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Variations within cultural group accord because of individual differences such as: (8)

Age,
religion,
dialect and language spoken,
gender identity and roles,
socioeconomic background, geographic location of country of Origin or current residence,
amount and type of interaction between younger and older generation, degree to which values in current country are adopted

4

Stereotype

Generra lysed expectation about forms of behavior, an individual, or a group

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Ethnic stereotype

A fixed concept of how all members of the group after think.

Stereotypes sometimes do and sometimes do not have any relationship to reality

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Ethnocentrism

When people look at the world from their own cultural view point. They often believe that the police and practices of their particular culture best

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Cultural competence

To give care to patients from many different cultures.

This means that you are aware of your own cultural believes and practices and how they relate to those of others, which will be different

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Transcultural nursing

Understanding these variables and integrating your understanding into all aspects of nursing care

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It is important to understand that people from different cultures:

Have a variety of practices related to health care, treatment methods, and responses to illness and death

cultural believes frequently affect diet and nutrition

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Race

A group of people who share biological physical characteristics

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Ethnicity

Refers to a group of people who share a common social and cultural heritage based on shared tradition, national origin, and physical and biological characteristics

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Communication

Even among English-speaking people different cultural groups assign different meaning to the Same words

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Among American Indian, Chinese, and Japanese cultures, silence is sometimes used:

To allow the listener to consider what the speaker has said before continuing

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Russians, the French, and the Spanish, tend to become silent to:

Indicate consensus between parties

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In Asian cultures people often use silence as:

A sign of respect, specially to elders

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Mexicans will perhaps you silent Wednesday:

Disagree with the person of authority

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In other cultures the presence of silence creates:

Discomfort, and people will make every attempt to fill gas in conversation

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United States many people consider even casual touching what?

Inappropriate except among intimate

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Recent immigrants from England and Germany or what about touch?

Even less likely that Americans to touch each other in public or allow casual touching by strangers

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Spanish, French, Italian, Jewish, and South American individuals are likely to what about touching?

To be much more comfortable about touching each other and being touched

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US and eye contact

United States regard maintaining eye contact as an indication of openness, interest in others, attentiveness, and honesty. Lack of eye contact is thus interpreted as a sign of shyness, humility, guilt, embarrassment, rudeness, thoughtlessness, dishonesty

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Some Asian cultures in American Indians relate eye contact to what

Impoliteness or an invasion of privacy

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Certain east Indian cultures do what with eye contact

Avoid eye contact with people of lower or higher socioeconomic classes

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Among some Appalachian people maintaining eye contact indicates what

Hostility or aggressiveness

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Space

Cultural interpretation of space varies and is important element of assessment.
Cultures assign different comfort areas to personal space.

However us some commonly use gestures have the potential to offend someone from another culture

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The US and many Northern European cultures generally are what about time

Give a high priority to being on time for appointments

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Japanese Americans are what with time

Are also generally prompt

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In eastern cultures, including Chinese, East Indian Hindu, Filipino, and Korean are what with time

Much more flexible with schedules and time

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Some Asians will spend a lot of time doing what

Getting to know someone and Willview abrupt ending to our conversation as rude

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Mexican-Americans are what with time

May be late for an appointment because they focus more on a current activity and are less concerned about a previous planned meeting

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Religious believes and cultural beliefs

Religious beliefs are frequently entwined with cultural beliefs. Some cultures expect all members to adhere to a particular religion. As people from varying cultures interMary religious practices also become more varied

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Roman Catholic, birth control, religious objects, nd baptism and dietary habits
(Sacraments)

Infant baptism is mandatory
Fasting is mandatory
Birth-control prohibited
Rosery prayers

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Lutheran baptism, anointing the sick, and death

Baptize only living in since any time but usually 6 to 8 weeks after birth.

Anointing and blessing from the minister when the prognosis is poor are sometimes requested

A service of commendation of the dying is used at the patients families request

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Quaker baptism and holy Communion, death, other practices

Friends have no creed.

Generally have no ceremony after death.

The name of the Quaker infant is recorded and official record books at the local meeting

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Seventh day Adventist baptism, special days

No infant baptism.

The sabbath is observed on Saturday

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Islam dietary habits, abortion and birth control

No pork or alcoholic beverages allowed.

Abortion is forbidden and many conservative Muslims do not encourage the use of contraceptives

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Jehovah's Witness baptism, birth control and abortion, blood transfusions

No infant baptism
Use of birth control is a personal decision abortion is opposed

Blood transfusions violate God's laws and are therefore not allowed

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Cultural groups are identified in a variety of ways such as

The members share a strong biological characteristics.

Body structure, skin color, and hair color and texture.

Family history of disease that are common within the ethnic group

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Biomedical health belief system

Life is regulated by bio medical and physical processes. Disease is an alteration of the structure and function of the body. Use of physical and chemical intervention

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Folk health belief system

Third world believes and practices. Naturally beds have to do with the world does God made it and as God intended it to be. There is a certain amount of predictability for daily life. A natural events are those events that interrupt the plan intended by God and at the very worst represent the forces of evil in the machinations of the devil

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Holistic health belief system

Mind, body, spirit.

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Alternative or complementary belief system

Mind and body

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Mexican-Americans and pretty dominant health belief system

Sometimes except biomedical, but belief system is often heavy mixed with folk practices

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African-Americans in predominant health belief system

Many hired the biomedical system. Others particularly from rural areas more closely follow Fulk health believe

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Chinese Americans and predominate health belief system

Holistic belief system is primarily influence but possibly will continue to practice traditional method to establish natural balance. Yang and Yang

46

American Indians and pretty dominant health belief system

The need for the individual to be in harmony with the surrounding environment and with the family