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Flashcards in CYCLES (Term 2) Deck (16)
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1

Transition into the fourth cycle

FROM JOSHUA TO THE EXILE
Transition: The 3rd cycle is about the history of God's people beginning with Abraham & concluding with judgment in the wilderness cycle. 4th cycle is about history of the people of God beginning with the New start under Joshua and Caleb.

2

4th cycle reports that...

-The conquest and settlement of the land (Joshua)
-The origin and spread of tribal evil (Judges)
-The monarchy: United Monarchy and divided
-Judgment: Israel, Judah

3

Joshua: The New Agent
The fourth cycle

"The Warrior Prophet"
-Servant of Moses
-One of the 12 spies representing the tribe of Ephraim
-Lord encourages Joshua for his new role
-The Lord establishes Joshua as leader in the sight of all Israel
-Joshua gives his last will and testament: "Not one word of all the Lord's good words has failed"
-Joshua is the "first prophet like Moses"

4

4th Cycle: The origin and spread of Israel's Tribal Sins

Cycle of Israel's sin
1. Sin -Israel did the evil
2. Servitude - Oppression by a foreign power
3. Supplication - Cried out to the Lord
4. Salvation - The Lord raised up Judges to deliver Israel
5. Return to sin

-At this time, the political, religious, and moral anarchy led to the longing for kingship
-Everyone did what was right in their own eyes
-Because of wrong attitudes and wrong timing, Gods intended gift of kingship becomes God's act of judgment
-God will answer prayers when we are waiting on His timing

5

Joshua: The New Start (4th Cycle)

Conquest and settlement of land
-Next step in fulfilling Lord's promises to Abraham
-God continues to reveal Himself as warrior
-Joshua distributes the conquered land to the 12 tribes of Israel
-The dominant term in the book of Joshua is "rest", "conquest" and "settlement"

6

The Monarchy (the 4th cycle)

Two main periods of time: The United Monarchy (Saul, David, Solomon) and The divided Monarchy (10 tribe Israel, and 2 tribe Judah)

7

The United Monarchy (The 4th cycle)

-Saul, David, Solomon
-Kingship was always part of God's plan for Abraham's descendants
-Israel's demand for a king is wrong (rebelled against God's rule)
-God keeps His word for blessings and cursing, Israel could not remain obedient through the generations (Obedience/surrender are the paths we need to take as believers)
-David was chosen to be Israel's next king (Davidic Covenant)
-With the advance of Israel's history, there comes a narrowing of the Father-Son relationship between God and his people

8

The Divided Nation (The 4th Cycle)

-After Solomon died in the time of Rehoboam, the United Nation divides into 2 nations: Israel (920-722) and Judah (920-586)
-Israel rejects Rehoboam as king, makes Jeroboam their king
-Jeroboam institutes a variety of reforms - inventing a new religion - become Jeroboam's sin (Golden calves, non-levitical priesthood, changed religious calendar)
-Jeroboam did not repent, like Saul and Solomon.

9

Judgment (The 4th Cycle) Upon Israel

the Assyrian Captivity
-After two centuries of the sin of Jeroboam God executes ultimate punishment upon Israel tearing Israel from the land; at this point, the nation of Israel ceases to exist
-Israel recites their guilt to vindicate God's justice and judgment
-Exile was because Israel had sinned, in spite of the fact that earlier God had redeemed them out of Egypt
-Their sin was in spite of warnings, and was wilful - therefore they were sent into captivity to Assyria

10

Judgment upon Judah (the 4th cycle)

-Babylonian Captivity
-Just as Jeroboam was the model for evil kingship in Israel, so David was the model for right kingship in Judah
-Judah is led into apostasy. Between reigns of Hezekiah and Josiah is the "evil" reign of Manasseh (son of Hezekiah)
-Judah will go into captivity; sin of idolatry
-In order to fulfill his word to Jeremiah, the LORD causes Cyrus to return Judah from captivity back to Palestine

11

The Fifth Cycle

-From Joshua and Zerubbabel to destruction of the second temple.
-Cycle of turning points
-Destruction of Babylonian Empire, and rise of the Persian Empire
-Agents of the new start: Cyrus king of Persia,, Zerubbabel and Joshua of Judah.
-Remnant Theme:The remnant/outcasts will be scattered to the ends of the earth. Then will be brought back, restored to the land.
-Restoration: Resurrection of the nation
-Rebuilding the restored nation: Rebuilding the temple

12

Agents of the New Start (5th Cycle)

PRIMARY AGENTS:
Cyrus King of Persia, Zerubbabel and Joshua of Judah
SECONDARY AGENTS:
Haggai, Zachariah, Ezra and Nehemiah.

13

PRIMARY agents of 5th cycle

Cyrus King of Persia
-his armies defeated the Babylonians
-Ezra reports that Cyrus is God's agent for the restoration of "Captive Israel" to their homeland and the rebuilding of the Temple

Joshua (priestly leader) & Zerubbabel (royal leader)
-represent all Israel (along with 11 or 12 elders)
-their initial role is to lead the return of the temple furnishings and the exiles back to the land

14

REMNANT THEME (5th cycle)

-Remnant/outcasts of Israel will be scattered to the ends of the earth. Then this remnant will be brought back, restored to the land.
-Divine basis of restoration is the Lord's compassion; God will create a new nation with a new spiritual dynamic.
-The temple furnishings: judah and the temple vessels will be exiled and restored
-The Glory of God: clearly, the God who has abandoned the Temple, city and land will also return to land, city and temple
-The Duration of the Captivity: when Babylon has completed its 70 years God will restore Judah to the land.

15

RESTORATION (5th cycle)

Divine Motive for Restoration: restoration will vindicate God's holy name.
-Resurrection of the nation: Valley of dry bones shows God recreating the nation which has been destroyed
-Restoration is for the clans of Israel
-God will take Judah and Israel and will again make them a united nation

16

Rebuilding the restored nation (5th cycle)

Leaders are Joshua and Zerubbabel
-Cyrus restores the deported people to their land and allows them to rebuild their sanctuaries (fulfills prophecy of Jeremiah)
-Temple and altar is rebuilt
-Rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem (Nehemiah)
-all foreigners were excluded from Israel
-Sabbath: Israel covenants to refrain from commercial activity on the Sabbath