D4 Sparkling: Lambrusco Flashcards Preview

WSET® Level 4 D4 Sparkling Wine > D4 Sparkling: Lambrusco > Flashcards

Flashcards in D4 Sparkling: Lambrusco Deck (39)
Loading flashcards...
1

In which region of Italy is Lambrusco made?

Emilia-Romagna (central Italy)

2

What is the climate of Lambrusco growing areas?

Warm Continental

 

3

Is irrigation permissible in Lambrusco regions?

Yes, Lambrusco regions may irrigate

4

What are the soils where Lambrusco is grown?

Are they fertile or poor?

  • Alluvial, predominantly clay + silt;
    • prone to compaction but good water retention;
  • Fertile, which results in high yields.

5

What are the most common training systems used for Lambrusco?

  1. Cordon trained
  2. Geneva Double Curtain

Both good for high vigor and allow mechanization.

6

Name two environmental threats that consistently afflict the growing areas of Lambrusco.

  1. Humidity, which can lead to fungal disease;
  2. Grapevine yellows, a group of bacterial diseases for which there is no control (know the most common in Europe, flavescence dorée).

7

What are the 3 most important Lambrusco grape varieties?

  1. Lambrusco Salomino
  2. Lambrusco Grasparossa
  3. Lambrusco di Sorbara

8

Which of the three Lambrusco varieties is the most widely planted?

Lambrusco Salamino

9

What is the general profile of Lambrusco Salamino?

  • Perfumed;
  • Deeply colored;
  • Full body;
  • High acidity.

 

10

What are the requirements for Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce DOC?

  • Minimum of 85% Lambrusco Salamino;
  • Maximum yield of 133 hL/ha.

11

Lambrusco Grasparossa:

  • On what soil does it grow best?
  • Is it grown mostly on hillsides or the valley floor?

Grows best on clay + silt, grown on mostly on hillsides

12

What is the general profile of Lambrusco Grasparossa?

  • Deeply coloured;
  • Full body;
  • Structured;
  • Medium+ tannins.

13

What are the requirements for Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro DOC?

  • Minimum of 85% Lambrusco Grasparossa;
  • Maximum yield of 126 hL/ha.

14

What is the general profile of Lambrusco di Sorbara (both the grape and the DOC)?

  • Pale;
  • Light body;
  • High acidity;

15

What are the requirements for Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC?

  • Minimum of 60% Lambrusco di Sorbara;
  • Maximum yield of 126 hL/ha.

16

Lambrusco di Modena DOC (also called Modena DOC):

  • What are the maxiumum yields?
  • What are the grapes?

  • Maximum yield of 161 hL/ha (high!  This can lead to low fruit intensity and low prices);
  • Several Lambrusco varieties permitted.

17

Reggiano Lambrusco DOC:

  • What are the maximum yields?
  • What are the grapes?

  • Maximum yield of 126 hL/ha;
  • Several different Lambrusco varieties permitted.

18

What is the name of the IGT that can be used for spumante and frizzante wines made from Lambrusco varieties?

Emilia IGT

19

What percent of total Lambrusco spumante production is DOC?

~25-30% DOC (the remainder is IGT Emilia)

20

How long are most Lambrusco grapes macerated to obtain that deep purple color?

Why?

1-2 days for most Lambruscos

  • The shorter maceration extracts anthocyanins but not as many tannins

 

21

How long is Lambrusco Grasparossa macerated?

Why?

3-4 days for Grasparossa

  • Helps increase structure and body

22

Does Lambrusco usually go through malolactic conversion or is malo usually blocked?

Malo is usually blocked to retain acidity

23

The majority of Lambruscos are made using:

  • Carbonation
  • Tank Method
  • Traditional Method

Tank Method

24

Lambrusco is allowed to be:

  • Frizzante only
  • Spumante only
  • Frizzante or Spumante

Frizzante or Spumante

25

Briefly describe the primary and secondary fermentations of a general Lambrusco.

  1. Primary fermentation: low temperatures of 18–20°C (64.4–68°F) to preserve primary fruit aromas;
  2. Malo blocked;
  3. Secondary fermentation: low temperatures of 12–15°C (53.6–59°F);
    • it takes 2 weeks to ferment for frizzante;
    • it takes 4 weeks to ferment for spumante.

26

Why aren't Lambruscos aged sur lie?

To retain the primary fruit flavors

27

What are the alcohol percent minimums for the Lambrusco DOCs Dossagio Zero to Brut?

  • 10.5% for frizzante
  • 11% for spumante

28

What is the minimum alcohol percent for Amabile or Dolce Lambrusco?

7%

29

How many grams of sugar in Lambrusco Spumante Dossagio Zero?

0-3g/L

30

How many grams of sugar in Lambrusco Spumante Extra Brut?

0-6g/L