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Flashcards in Dates Card Q3 Deck (12):
1

What is significant about 1898?

1898 is significant because of the Spanish-American War
-War fought between the US and Spain over Spanish colonization over Cuba
-Spain ceded Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the US
-War marked first US move towards imperialism
-Acquisition of overseas territory used to open up markets for US products from industrialization

2

What is significant about 1901

1901 is significant because Start of Progressive Era.
-Journalists, called muckrakers, attacked political corruption, social injustice, and economic inequality
-Reformers try to expand democracy for all people and promote moral reform
-Led to passage of prohibition amendment and women’s suffrage amendment in 1920

3

What is significant about 1904

1904 is significant because Roosevelt Corollary
President Theodore Roosevelt declares US has right to
intervene in Latin America to protect American interests.
Warned European powers to stay out of Western Hemisphere.
Extension of Monroe Doctrine.

4

What is significant about 1914

1914 is significant because Start of Great
Migration and Start of World War I.
Massive migration of African Americans from South to Northeast.
Left South because of segregation, racial violence, and limited economic opportunities.
Better opportunities in North, but still experiencing discrimination.

5

What is significant about 1918

1918 is significant because End of World War I & Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points.
President Wilson’s plan to create a new peaceful democratic world order.
Plan promoted right to self-determination and basic liberties.
Plan created League of Nations.
US Senate refused to ratify Wilson’s plan.

6

What is significant about 1929

1929 is significant because Stock Market Crash & Beginning of Great Depression.
Economic crisis in the US and other western countries.
Led to decline of businesses, failure of banks, and unemployment.
US involvement in World War II helped boost industrial economy and end the Great Depression.

7

1933

Roosevelt launches New Deal legislation.
FDR passes laws to combat Great Depression
Laws greatly increase govt’s role in economy
Laws involve federal government providing relief to poor, which eventually leads to modern welfare system
Conservatives push back & try to limit role of govt in economy

8

1945

End of World War II & US drops atomic bomb
on Japan
US enters WWII when Japan attacks Pearl Harbor in 1941
US ends war by dropping atomic bomb on Japan, which leads to debates about morality of atomic weapons
WWII destroys Europe, leads to emergence of US as 1 of 2 world superpowers – other is Soviet Union

9

1950

Beginning of Korean War
First conflict of the Cold War between the US and the USSR
North Korea, supported by USSR & China, invades South Korea
US intervenes to help South Korea in effort to contain spread of communism – strategy called containment

10

1954

Brown v. Board of Education
Supreme Court rules that “separate but equal” schools violate the 14 th
Amendment because it teaches black children that they are inferior
Overrules Plessy v. Ferguson decision from 1896
Institutes school desegregation laws, which many Southern states oppose

11

1955

Beginning of Vietnam War.
War between communist North Vietnam and democratic South Vietnam.
US intervenes to help South Vietnam in effort to contain spread of communism (containment).
Inspired passionate antiwar protests as the war escalated.
Ended in US defeat in 1975.

12

1962

Cuban Missile Crisis.
Nuclear standoff between Soviet Union and US when US learned that Soviet Union had missiles in Cuba pointed at US.
President Kennedy demanded USSR remove missiles from Cuba.
USSR removes missiles, which averts crisis.