DCT & Euthyphro's Dilemma Flashcards Preview

Paper 1 > DCT & Euthyphro's Dilemma > Flashcards

Flashcards in DCT & Euthyphro's Dilemma Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

DCT

A

The idea that morals derive from God, there are no standards of behaviour independent of God.

2
Q

Euthyphro’s Dilemma

A

Is something Good because God ordained it? Or did God ordain it because it was Good?

3
Q

DCT problems

A
  • William of Ockham: god could change his mind
  • any act motivated by obedience is morally empty
  • linguistic objection: trivial tautology (god commands what god commands)
  • pluralism: variety of religions means how can we know which divine commands to follow?
4
Q

Socrates: god commanded it because it was good problems

A
  • there is a standard of goodness independent of god so god is no longer the ultimate standard of authority
  • god is no longer supreme
  • John Arthur: ‘it seems that God discovers morality rather than inventing it’
5
Q

Divine essentialism

A
  • moral perfection essential to the divine nature
  • god is not subject to a higher moral law external of himself
  • god acts consistently with his own nature
6
Q

Plato’s response to DCT

A

Plato says there is a standard of morality independent of God: The forms!

  • the command of the Gods can be measured against this standard
  • iris murdoch takes a platonic approach
7
Q

Strengths of DCT

A
  1. Impartiality of objective moral standards (Dostoevsky: ‘without God, everything is permitted’)
  2. Kant: for morality to work, we need God to be commanding it. Summon bonum requires God and afterlife.
  3. Plantinga, Adams defends it
  4. Berger says many Jews Muslims and Christians are governed by divine will - likely that there is objective truth?
8
Q

Singer on DCT

A

Singer: ‘if the Gods had happened to approve of torture or disapprove of helping our neighbours, torture would be good and helping our neighbours bad’

9
Q

Paul Helm on DCT

A

‘God does issue commands and these commands are to form the basis of a believer’s morality’

10
Q

what does Adams argue about moral responsibility

A

DCT is compatible with it because we are responsible for obeying or not obeying commands, understanding and applying them

11
Q

what is Adams’ stance on DCT

A

modified it so that actions and intentions possess a property of ethical wrongness; this property is rooted in the unchanging nature of god, not just stem from his commands

12
Q

Bertrand Russell on the Euthyphro Dilemma

A

God’s relationship to the moral law can’t be defined coherently:

  • if god wills moral laws arbitrarily he can’t be benevolent
  • if god wills laws bc they have force, god is no longer omnipotent as he is subject to it