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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (10)
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1
Q

Which causes is the soul for Aristotle

A
  1. Efficient - principle activity of the body
  2. Formal - it’s what makes us recognizeably human
  3. Final - gives us our function
2
Q

Name 1 scholar who critiques human Ergon, 4 scholars who reject Aristotle’s golden mean/ virtue

A
  1. Nagel

2. Owen flanagan, Keenan, Sidgwick, Louden

3
Q

How do the analogies of the divided line and the cave come together in Plato

A

imagination - tied up prisoners
perception - freed prisoners
reason - looking at the shadows outside of the cave
intelligence - contemplating the form of the good

4
Q

Curran on absolute moral norms

A

are reductionist of our human nature

5
Q

Cite an example of intuitionism in objective values

A

W.D. Ross’ prima facie principles - overridable by other moral principles
–> surely their rankings are based on his intuition

6
Q

How do non-cognitivists view intuition?

A

our pre-existing values and commitments

7
Q

According to Augustine why do we go against better judgement?

A

through ignorance, intellect misdirects will

8
Q

To augustine, how is conscience linked to god?

A

when we listen to our conscience, we hear the voice of god - see god as our witness
god implanted the knowledge of right conduct into human beings - being virtuous is not enough, we also need god’s grace

9
Q

according to augustine, why do people act in different ways?

A

there is one virtue (love) and what love demands varies according to situation

10
Q

what is the position of the hardline thomist view on conscience?

A

certain actions are intrinsically evil because they go against that it is to be human - here it is impossible to claim that someone’s conscience was calling them to act against these moral rules