Flashcards in DECEMBER 2019 Deck (67)
The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has launched its Accelerator Lab in India. The project has been launched in collaboration with the government’s Atal Innovation Mission and will look to solve issues through innovative solutions.
Accelerator Lab is an innovative new initiative by the UNDP, State of Qatar and the Federal Republic of Germany to find 21st century solutions to today's complex new challenges.
India's Accelerator Lab will be part of a network of 60 global labs covering 78 nations, that will test and scale new solutions to global challenges like climate change and inequality.
Exercise SURYA KIRAN-XIV, a joint military training exercise between India and Nepal culminated today at Nepal Army Battle School (NABS), Salijhandi, Rupendehi district of Nepal
The Chagos Islands is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean.The United Nations (UN) had given the United Kingdom (UK) 6 months to process the transfer the Chagos Islands to Mauritius.This UN move was bitterly resisted by the UK and the US.Mauritius argues that the Chagos Islands has been a part of its territory since the 18th century, till the UK broke the archipelago away from it in 1965.After Mauritius gained independence from the UK in 1968, the UK refused to return the Chagos Islands to Mauritius.
The largest island on the Chagos Islands archipelago, Diego Garcia, is where the US and the UK operate a large military base.
In 2017, at the UN General Assembly (UNGA), 94 countries voted in support of Mauritius’ resolution to seek an advisory opinion on the legal status of Chagos Islands from the International Court of Justice (ICJ).The US and the UK were among the 15 countries that voted against the resolution.
Six Countries - Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden have recently joined INSTEX.
sA trade mechanism ‘Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX)’ was established by France, Germany and the United Kingdom in January 2019 to allow European entities to maintain trade with Iran.
This Paris-based mechanism functions as a clearing house allowing Iran to continue to sell oil and import other products or services in exchange.
Operation Clrean art
Mongoose is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.IUCN Red List status- Least Concerned.All six species are listed on CITES Appendix III with a zero quota for commercial trade.There are six species of mongoose found in India- Indian grey mongoose, Small Indian mongoose, Ruddy mongoose, Crab-eating mongoose, Stripe-necked mongoose and Brown mongoose.The Indian grey mongoose is the most commonly found species and also the most hunted.
It was the first pan India operation to crackdown on the smuggling of mongoose hair in the country.It was conceived by Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) with the singular aim of ensuring that the mongoose hair brush trade
Power of Sirberia
cross border gas pipeline named “Power of Siberia”.It is the first cross-border gas pipeline between Russia and China.Under this pipeline project, Russia will deliver 1 trillion cubic meters of natural gas to China over the next 30 years.
The pipeline will pass through the deltas of the Yangtze and Amur rivers of China.
Hand in Hand
The 8th India-China joint training exercise 'HAND-IN-HAND 2019' with the theme of ‘Counter Terrorism’ under United Nations mandate is scheduled to be conduct at Umroi, Meghalaya
2018, the exercise was held in Chengdu, China.The exercise didn’t take place in 2017 due to the 72-days long standoff between Indian and Chinese troops in Doklam.
Top 100 cities travel
The National Capital has been witnessing soaring popularity and wellness tourism across the world. According to Euro Monitor International, Delhi currently ranks 11th in the list of world’s tops 100 destinations and is to gain 8th rank in 2019. The ranking was released by the organization on December 3, 2019 under the title “Top 100 city destination ranking
North Korea has celebrated the completion of Samjiyon a new city which is leader Kim Jong-un’s signature construction project
Samjiyon County is a city, in Ryanggang Province, North Korea.It takes its name from three lakes in the county, which are collectively known as the Samjiyon.Samjiyon is situated near Mount Paektu.
ICJ Resolution 1514
February 2019, the UN’s highest court of justice, the ICJ ordered the UK to return the Chagos Islands to Mauritius “as rapidly as possible”.Mauritius had submitted before the ICJ that it had been coerced into giving the islands to the UK as part of colonial occupation of the country.
It stated that this move was in breach of UN resolution 1514 which specifically banned the breakup of colonies before independence.The UK argued that the ICJ did not have any jurisdiction to hear the case at all
indigenously developed nuclear capable Prithvi-2 missile surface-to-surface missile strike range of 350 kilometresnuclear as well as conventional warheadsIt is 8.56 meter long and has 1m diameter. It can target mobile targets including unmanned aerial vehicles.Prithvi-2 is capable of carrying 500-1,000 kilograms of warheads and is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines. The state-of-the-art missile uses an advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target,
Global Climate Risk Index
Germanwatch’ has recently released the Global Climate Risk Index 2019.
Worst affected in 2018: Japan, Philippines and Germany,India, which suffered water shortages, crop failures and worst flooding, holds the 5th position. It has fallen from its 14th rank of countries hit most by climate change-induced weather phenomena in 2017.
The 25th edition of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) or COP25 has begun from December 2 in Madrid (Spain).Originally, the Summit was scheduled to be held at Chile (South America) but violent mass movement across the country made Chile reluctant from hosting the event.
prime objective of the conference is to complete the rule-book to the 2015 Paris Agreement that will become effective in 2020 to replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol (comes to an end in 2020).
Extends reservation for SC ST til 2030, not for Anglo Indians, earlier 95th aa provided for extended reservation ending Jan 2020
Global Carbon Project
Global Carbon Project - The GCP is a Global Research Project of Future Earth and World Climate Research Programme.Established in 2001
The main object of the group has been to fully understand the carbon cycle, its projects include global budgets for three dominant greenhouse gases — CO2, methane, and nitrous oxide — and complementary efforts in urban, regional, cumulative, and negative emissions.
Global Carbon Project, which puts out emission estimates for across the world every year, has said India’s emissions in 2019 was likely to be only 1.8 per cent higher than in 2018
Exercise INDRA 2019, a joint, tri services exercise between India and Russia will be conducted in India from 10th-19th December 2019 simultaneously at Babina (near Jhansi), Pune, and Goa.
The INDRA series of exercise began in 2003. It was conducted as a single service exercise alternately between the two countries. However, the first joint Tri Services Exercise was conducted in 2017.
Right livelihood award 2019
The Swedish teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg was recently awarded the Right Livelihood Award-2019, also known as Sweden's alternative Nobel Prize.She shares her award with the three other global leaders namely:Brazilian indigenous leader Davi Kopenawa who secured the land rights of the Yanomami people.Chinese women's rights lawyer Guo Jianmei.Western Sahara human rights defender Aminatou Haidar.
The Yanomami are the largest relatively isolated tribe in South America.The Yanomami people live in large circular and communal houses called Yanos or Shabonos.They live in the rainforests and mountainous regions of Northern Brazil and Southern Venezuela.
Asian Elephant specialist group
The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) 10th Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG) Meeting was held recently at Kota Kinabalu in Sabah, Malaysia.More than 130 elephant conservationists, partner organisations and experts gathered at the meeting
Gajah is the bi-annual journal of the IUCN/SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG).
Status is Endangered
The European Space Agency (ESA) has approved theHera, the mission to slam a spacecraft into an asteroid. Hera is the European contribution to double-spacecraft collaboration.Hera is named after the Greek goddess of marriage.
Due to launch in 2024, Hera would travel to a binary asteroid system – the Didymos pair of near-Earth asteroids.
NASA will first perform DART a kinetic impact on the smaller of the two bodies, then Hera will follow-up with a detailed post-impact survey
Double Asteroid Redirection Test DART
Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) will target Didymoon as part of its planetary defence programme.DART will deliberately crash itself into the moonlet at a speed of approximately 6 km per second, using an onboard camera and autonomous navigation software.The collision will change the speed of the moonlet in its orbit around the main body.
Didymoon was chosen because of its close proximity to Earth and its size. Didymoon is small and in a tight enough 12-hour orbit around its parent, that its orbital period can indeed be shifted in a measurable way.Didymos is a binary asteroid
Paika Bidroha (Paika Rebellion) of 1817 in Odisha briefly shook the foundations of British rule in the eastern part of India.2017 marked the double centenary of one of the biggest revolts ever seen in eastern India
leadership of Baxi Jagabandhu, the hereditary chief of the militia army of the Gajapati King of Khurda
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has ordered the closure of about 270 tyre pyrolysis units in 19 States for flouting environmental norms and causing a high level of pollution.Tyre pyrolysis refers to a technique of breaking down used tyres in the absence of oxygen. Shredded tyres, at temperatures between 250°C and 500°C, produce liquid oil and gases.
It was considered a safer technique than burning tyres but pyrolysis leaves fine carbon matter, pyro-gas, oil as residue. Also, the inadequate management of these by-products poses health risks.
UN Human Development Index
India was ranked 129 out of 189 countries on the 2019 Human Development Index (HDI) improving from the 130th position in 2018.HDI is part of the Human Development Report that is published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
HDI measures average achievement of a country in three basic dimensions of human development:A long and healthy life,Access to knowledge, andA decent standard of living.Top Performers in 2019Norway, Switzerland, Ireland occupied the top three positions in that order.
The other indices that form the part of the 2019 Report are:Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI),Gender Development Index (GDI),Gender Inequality Index (GII) andMultidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).The focus of the 2019 Report is on ‘Inequality in Human Development’.
A volcanic eruption took place at White Island in New Zealand.White Island is New Zealand’s most active cone volcano which has been built up by continuous volcanic activity over the past 1,50,000 years.
A volcanic eruption took place at White Island in New Zealand.White Island is New Zealand’s most active cone volcano which has been built up by continuous volcanic activity over the past 1,50,000 years. located in Bay of plenty
WADA World Anti Doping Agency
Recently, one of the World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) panels has suggested banning Russia for four years from competing in international events, including the Tokyo (2020 Summer) Olympics.
established in 1999 as an international independent agency, initiated by the IOC to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sports., Located in Montreal Canada
International Olympic CommitteeIt is a not-for-profit independent international organisation that is committed to building a better world through sport.It was created on 23 June 1894 and is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement
39th session of the GCC summit was held recently in Riyadh. At the end of the summit, the council issued the ‘Riyadh Declaration’, which included 72 items covering matters related to the Gulf countries, the region and the world.The 40th session of the GCC summit will be held in the UAE,
Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a political and economic alliance of six countries in the Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.Established in 1981, the GCC promotes economic, security, cultural and social cooperation between the six states
three constitutional monarchies (Qatar, Kuwait, and Bahrain), two absolute monarchies(Saudi Arabia and Oman), and one federal monarchy (the United Arab Emirates).
CCPI Climate Change Performance Index
The 2019 edition of the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI)has been released which illustrates regional differences in climate protection and performance within the 56 evaluated countries and the EU.
four categories “GHG Emissions”, “Renewable Energy” and “Energy Use”, as well as on “Climate Policy.”Sweden leads the ranking, followed by Morocco and Lithuania. India ranks 11th, improving its standing by three places compared to the previous edition.
The index is published by Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute and the Climate Action Network.
Papikonda National Park
begin the maiden survey of butterfly species in the Papikonda National Park (PNP).The PNP spreads over 1012.86 square kilometres in East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.
lies on the left and right banks of the river Godavari and cuts through the Papikonda hill range of Eastern Ghats. The River Godavari enriches the Papikonda Park with its natural beauty.,deciduous forest
Neora Valley National Park is situated in the Kalimpong district, West Bengal, India and was established in 1986. It spreads over an area of 88 km² and is one of the richest biological zones in the entire Eastern India. It is the land of the elegant red panda in the pristine undisturbed natural habitat