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Global Pension Index

Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index (MMGPI) 2019, India has marginally improved its ranking to 32nd position in terms of providing pension and retirement benefits to citizens compared to last year.
India stood at 32nd position in 2019 out of 37 countries, while it was ranked at 33rd place in 2018 out of 34 countries in the list.


Operation Kayla Muller

The stealth operation that claimed the life of Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was named after 26-year-old Kayla Mueller.She was an American who was kidnapped and killed by the extremist group in 2015.
The Barisha raid was a United States military operation in Barisha, Idlib Governorate, in northwestern Syria targeting Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) leadership, notably its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, on October 26-27, 2019.


Gilt Oxygen Limitation Theory

biological reasons why fish species will shift towards the poles due to impact of climate change. Scientists have described this with the Gill-Oxygen Limitation Theory (GOLT).
Gill-Oxygen Limitation Theory (GOLT), warming waters have less oxygen. Therefore, fish have difficulties breathing in such environments. Additionally, such warming, low-oxygen waters also increase fish’s oxygen demands because their metabolism speeds up.This is because, as fish grow, their demand for oxygen increases. However, the surface area of the gills (two-dimensional) does not grow at the same pace as the rest of the body (three-dimensional). The larger the fish, the smaller its surface area relative to the volume of its body.


SEED Awards

The SEED was founded by UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme), UNDP (United Nations Development Program) and IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) at the World Summit on SDG, Johannesburg. It works in Asian and African countries
Fourteen start-ups selected for 2019 SEED Awards.The awards, an annual affair, are granted to organisations working on sustainable development.The award highlights the contribution of green and social enterprises to advancing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Supporting Entrepreneurs for. Environment and development



SpiceJet has announced its membership of global airlines’ grouping ‘International Air Transport Association’ (IATA). SpiceJet is the first Indian low-budget carrier to join the IATA.
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is the trade association for the world’s airlines, representing some 280 airlines or 83% of total air traffic. Formed in April 1945, it is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, which was formed in 1919.What it does? IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standard
It is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland.


Sentinel World Fire Atlas

Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas Prototype product has been developed by the European Space Agency.It uses a method that enables it to identify all active fires at night.The sensors on satellites measure thermal infrared radiation to take the temperature of Earth’s land surfaces.
This information is used to detect and monitor the heat emitted by the fires.The Atlas uses the satellite data to plot the number of fires occurring monthly.


Cyclone Maha

A depression that developed in the Comorin Sea (near the southernmost end of India) has intensified into a cyclonic storm, named ‘Maha’.The name has been given by Oman.It lies centered over Lakshadweep and the adjoining southeast Arabian Sea and the Maldives area.
Cyclone storm ‘Maha’ is the second in the 2019 northeast monsoon season, following close on the heels of super cyclone Kyarr which took its way towards the Arabian peninsula.
Cyclone MahaCyclone Maha, the fourth cyclone this year in the Arabian Sea, is set to intensify further into a 'Severe Cyclonic Storm'The depression that had developed in the Comorin Sea, gained strength and turned into a cyclonic storm.


Cyclone kyarr

Cyclone Kyarr, the first super cyclonic storm in Arabian Sea in last 12 years, gradually weakens, stated IMD.·The cyclone is very likely to weaken into a "Deep Depression"
Kyarr is a tropical cyclone that has intensified west of India in the Northern Indian Ocean’s Arabian Sea as a Category 4 storm with 150 mph winds.According to the India Meteorological Department (IMD), Cyclone Kyarr is the first Super Cyclonic storm in the Arabian Sea in the last 12 years.
Named by Myanmar


Cyclone Vayu

Cyclone Vayu, named by India, is only a deep depression and is still to develop into a strong cyclone.
Arabian Sea cyclones are also relatively weak compared to those emerging in the Bay of Bengal.Gujarat coastline, where most of the cyclones emerging in the Arabian Sea are headed
Bay of Bengal is warmer than the Arabian sea,  Bay of Bengal receives higher rainfall and constant inflow of fresh water from the Ganga and Brahmaputra rivers. making it impossible for the warm water to mix making it ideal for depression.         Arabian Sea receives stronger winds that help dissipate the heat, and the lack of constant fresh water supply



next cyclone that forms over the Indian Ocean will be named Hikka (Maldives), followed by Kyarr (Myanmar), Maha (Oman), Bulbul (Pakistan), Pawan (Sri Lanka) and Amphan (Thailand)


Cyclone Amphan

Cyclone Amphan (pronounced as UM-PUN) is a tropical cyclone formed over Bay of Bengal that has intensified and likely to turn into a “super cyclonic storm (maximum wind speed is 120 knots)”.
According to the India Meteorological Department forecast, it will make landfall as a very severe cyclone between the Sagar islands of West Bengal and the Hatiya islands of Bangladesh.It has been named by Thailand.


Cyclone Fani

Cyclone FaniIt is categorized as an extremely severe cyclone (ESC).The name of the cyclone fani (pronounced as Foni) was suggested by Bangladesh. It means ‘snake’ or ‘hood of snake’.
Before Fani hit the Odisha coast, Chilika lake had only two active mouths - the point where it meets the sea. But, now four new mouths have opened due to wave energy with high tidal prism.With the opening of new mouths, a lot of sea water is entering Chilika Lake and, thereby increasing salinity of Chilika lagoon.
cyclones are classified as severe (MSW of 48-63 knots), very severe (MSW of 64-89 knots), extremely severe (MSW of 90-119 knots) and super cyclonic storm (MSW of 120 knots or more).


Future Innovation Index

The Future Investment Initiative (FII) is an annual investment forum held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The Future Investment Initiative (FII) is an annual investment forum held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


UNESCO Creative cities Network

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has included Mumbai and Hyderabad in its network of 'Creative Cities' among the 66 cities selected on the occasion of World Cities Day 2019 (31st October).
Mumbai has been designated as Creative City of Films and Hyderabad as a Creative City of Gastronomy.Earlier, Indian cities like Chennai and Varanasi have been included in UNESCO Cities of Music while Jaipur has been included in the City of Crafts and Folk Arts.



India and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has signed an agreement to enable India’s participation in Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) to be held in 2021.India stayed away from PISA in 2012 and 2015 on account of its dismal performance in 2009, when it was placed 72nd among the 74 participating countries.India criticized the method saying that questions were "out of context”. Thus, India chose not to participate in the 2012 and 2015 cycle of PISA
PISA is an international survey held every three years, coordinated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).First conducted in 2000, the major domain of study rotates between reading, mathematics, and science in each cycle.It is a competency-based test designed to assess the ability of the 15-year-old candidates



Excavation by Archaeological Survey of India at Gottiprolu near Nellore (now renamed as Sri Potti Sriramulu) district, Andhra Pradesh has discovered the remains of a huge settlement.
site lies on the right bank of a distributary of river Swarnamukhi.The proximity of the site (at southern coastal location) to the seacoast suggests that the site could have served as a strategic settlement involved in maritime trade.
Excavation by Archaeological Survey of India in Gottiprolu, Andhra Pradesh indicate it as a Trade Centre of Early Historic Period.


Global Micros Report On Financial Inclusion

The Economist Intelligence Unit has released the 2019 edition of Global Microscope on Financial Inclusion report.



Shanghai Cooperation Organization Joint Exercise on Urban Earthquake Search & Rescue.   Hosted by NDRF.
The participants of all 08 member countries namely China, India, Kazakhastan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan shall be participating in this exercise. Main focus shall be to test the region’s preparedness and resilience towards effective activation of Inter- governmental interaction for immediate response.



Fifth India International Science Festival (IISF) on 5th November, 2019.Host City: The four-day science festival is being organized in Kolkata



Defence Minister is in Uzbekistan on a three-day visit since Saturday.This is the first visit by an Indian Defence Minister to Uzbekistan in about 15 years.The joint military exercise focused on counter-terrorism has commenced in Tashkent


14th East Asia Summit

The 14th East Asia Summit (EAS) was held in Bangkok, Thailand
The East Asia Summit is the premier forum in the Asia-Pacific region to deal with issues relating to security and defence. Since its inception in 2005, it has played a significant role in the strategic, geopolitical and economic evolution of East Asia.
Apart from the 10 ASEAN member states, East Asia Summit includes India, China, Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia, New Zealand, United States and Russia.


Skills Build Platform

Skills Build is a digital platform developed by IBM enabling holistic learning and aligning it with Skills India initiative by Government of India. India is the 4th country where this Skills Build platform has been launched on 4th Nov’19, in alliance with the Directorate General of Training (DGT), Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE), after being launched in UK, Germany and France.



Ministry of Finance has launched two Information Technology (IT) initiatives - ICEDASH and ATITHI.ICEDASH- For improved monitoring of customs clearance of imported goods.ATITHI - For facilitating arriving international passengers.Both the initiatives have been developed by the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC).
ICEDASHIt is an Ease of Doing Business (EoDB) monitoring dashboard of the Indian Customs that will help public see the daily customs clearance times of import cargo at various ports and airports.Collab with NIC
ATITHIIt is an easy to use mobile app for international travelers to file the Customs declaration in advance.


Wasteland Atls

Ministry of Rural Development has released the fifth edition of Wastelands Atlas (2019).It has been prepared by the Department of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural Development) in collaboration with the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Department of Space.Significance of Wasteland AtlasUnprecedented pressure on the land beyond its carrying capacity is resulting in the degradation of lands in the country.



Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance.It deals with the tasks of formulation of policy concerning levy and collection of Customs, Central Excise duties, Central Goods & Services Tax, Integrated GST (IGST) and prevention of smuggling.



National Informatics CentreNIC of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology provides network backbone and e-Governance support to the Central Government, State Governments and UT Administrations.It was established in 1976 and is located in New Delhi.



The 15th meeting of the Governing Council of South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme (SACEP) is going to be organised in Dhaka, Bangladesh.India’s Environment Minister will represent the country in this meeting.
SACEP is an inter-governmental organization, established in 1982 by the governments of South Asia.The objective is to promote and support protection, management and enhancement of the environment in the regionThe member countries are Afghanistan , Bangladesh , Bhutan , India , Maldives , Nepal , Pakistan and Sri Lanka.


HS Code

Ministry of Commerce and Industry allocated a separate Harmonised System (HS) code for Khadi.HS codeThe Harmonized System, or simply ‘HS’, is a six-digit identification code developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO).Called the “universal economic language” for goods, it is a multipurpose international product nomenclature.Over 200 countries use the system as a basis for their customs tariffs, gathering international trade statistics, making trade policies, and for monitoring goods.The system helps in harmonizing of customs and trade procedures, thus reducing costs in international trade.
What makes the 6 digit code?A unique six-digit code has numbers arranged in a legal and logical structure, with well-defined rules to achieve uniform classification.Of the six digits, the first two denote the HS Chapter, the next two give the HS heading, and the last two give the HS subheading.The HS code for pineapple, for example, is 0804.30, which means it belongs to Chapter 08 (Edible fruit & nuts, peel of citrus/melons), Heading 04 (Dates, figs, pineapples, avocados, etc. fresh or dried), and Subheading 30 (Pineapples).



Council of Scientific Industrial Research-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI) recently launched the country’s first interactive online repository named as IndAIR (Indian Air quality Studies Interactive Repository)
make air quality research available to everyone. It presents these studies in an easily accessible web format
CSIR-NEERI is a research institute created and funded by the Government of India. It functions under the Ministry of Science & Technology.


Shaala darpan

Human Resource Development launched Shaala Darpan portal, an E-Governance school automation, and management system for Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS)Key highlights This single integrated platform has been developed for information sharing and knowledge dissemination for the employees and students across schools and offices of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti.
Shaala Darpan is an end to end e-Governance school automation and management system. It has been implemented at Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti as the first major initiative to enable automation