Deck 3 Flashcards Preview

Pack 11 (March 2016) > Deck 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Deck 3 Deck (16):
1

indemnify (v)
/ɪnˈdɛmnɪfʌɪ/

Compensate (someone) for harm or loss
Secure (someone) against legal responsibility for their actions

2

taxing (adj)
/ˈtaksɪŋ/

Physically or mentally demanding

3

carpenter (n)
/ˈkɑːp(ə)ntə/

A person who makes and repairs wooden objects and structures

4

labour / labor (US)
/ˈleɪbə/

1. (n) Work, especially physical work
Workers, especially manual workers, considered collectively
Workers considered as a social class or political force
2. (n) The process of childbirth from the start of uterine contractions to delivery
3. (v) Work hard; make great effort
Work at an unskilled manual occupation
4. (v) Have difficulty in doing something despite working hard
Move or proceed with difficulty
(Of an engine) work noisily and with difficulty
(Of a ship) roll or pitch heavily

5

musing
/ˈmjuːzɪŋ/

1, (n) A period of reflection or thought
2. (adj) Characterized by reflection or deep thought

6

strain
/streɪn/

1. (v) Force (a part of one’s body or oneself) to make an unusually great effort
Injure (a limb, muscle, or organ) by overexerting it
Make severe or excessive demands on
Pull or push forcibly at something
Stretch (something) tightly
2. (v) Pour (a mainly liquid substance) through a porous or perforated device or material in order to separate out any solid matter
Drain (liquid) off food by using a porous or perforated device
3. (n) A force tending to pull or stretch something to an extreme or damaging degree
An injury to a part of the body caused by overexertion
4. (n) A severe or excessive demand on the strength, resources, or abilities of someone or something
state of tension or exhaustion resulting from severe demands on one’s strength or resources
5. (n) The sound of a piece of music
A variety of something abstract
6. (n) A particular tendency as part of a person’s character

7

doyenne (n)
/ˈdɔɪɛn/

The most respected or prominent woman in a particular field

8

slanderous (adj)
/ˈslɑːnd(ə)rəs/

(Of a spoken statement) false and malicious

9

slack
/slak/

1, (adj) Not taut or held tightly in position; loose
2. (adj) Having or showing laziness or negligence
3. (adj) Slow or sluggish
(Of business or trade) characterized by a lack of work or activity; quiet
4. (n) The part of a rope or line which is not held taut; the loose or unused part
5. (n) (slacks) Casual trousers
6. (v) Loosen (something, especially a rope)
7. (v) Decrease or reduce in intensity, quantity, or speed
8. (v) Slake (lime)
9. (n) Coal dust or small pieces of coal

10

tout
/taʊt/

1. (v) Attempt to sell (something), typically by a direct or persistent approach
Attempt to persuade people of the merits of
2. (often le tout) Used before the name of a city to refer to its high society or people of importance

11

taut (adj)
/tɔːt/

Stretched or pulled tight; not slack
(Especially of muscles or nerves) tense; not relaxed
(Of writing, music, etc.) concise and controlled
(Of a ship) having a disciplined and efficient crew

12

trousers (n)
/ˈtraʊzəz/

An outer garment covering the body from the waist to the ankles, with a separate part for each leg

13

slake (v)
/sleɪk/

1. Quench or satisfy (one’s thirst)
Satisfy (desires)
2. Combine (quicklime) with water to produce calcium hydroxide

14

progeny (n)
/ˈprɒdʒəni/

A descendant or the descendants of a person, animal, or plant; offspring

15

lackadaisical (adj)
/ˌlakəˈdeɪzɪk(ə)l/

Lacking enthusiasm and determination; carelessly lazy

16

catalyst (n)
/ˈkat(ə)lɪst/

A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing any permanent chemical change
A person or thing that precipitates an event