Deck General - 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck General - 11 Deck (200):
1

Which space(s) is(are) exempt when measuring gross tonnage?

All of the above

2

Which space(s) is(are) NOT exempt when measuring gross tonnage?

Cargo holds

3

Which splice is used to connect two separate lines together?

Long splice

4

Which splice should you use in order to make a permanent loop in a line?

Eye splice

5

Which standard operating procedure(s) should be adhered to on a Ro-Ro vessel?

Periodic inspection and retensioning of lashings as required during voyage

6

Which statement about a centrifugal cargo pump is TRUE?

It must have a positive suction.

7

Which statement about a tunnel bow thruster is TRUE?

It provides lateral control without affecting headway.

8

Which statement about a vessel's stability while dry-docking is TRUE?

Every ton of weight bearing on the blocks acts as if a ton of weight was removed at keel level.

9

Which statement about bilge keels is CORRECT?

They increase resistance to rolling.

10

Which statement about damage control is TRUE?

A hole in the hull at the waterline is more dangerous than a hole below the inner bottom.

11

Which statement about general average is TRUE?

Property must have been sacrificed or an expenditure of money incurred.

12

Which statement about Naval Control of Shipping in wartime is TRUE?

It is mandatory in wartime.

13

Which statement about shipping coal is TRUE?

Coal should be surface ventilated to remove methane gas.

14

Which statement about ships operating in ice is FALSE?

In brash-filled channels, operating with a shallow draft forward is most effective.

15

Which statement about splices is TRUE?

A long splice is used to connect two lines that will pass through narrow openings.

16

Which statement about stopping a vessel is TRUE?

When a vessel is dead in the water any speed displayed by Doppler log reflects the current.

17

Which statement about the carriage of coal is true?

Freshly worked coal is more dangerous than weathered coal.

18

Which statement about the carriage of solid hazardous materials in bulk is TRUE?

Hazardous materials that require separation must not be handled at the same time.

19

Which statement about the dangerous cargo manifest is FALSE?

Shipments of hazardous and non hazardous cargoes may be listed on the manifest if they are destined for the same consignee.

20

Which statement about the dangerous cargo manifest, carried on a ship, is TRUE?

The manifest must be kept in a designated holder on or near the bridge.

21

Which statement about the deck line is TRUE?

A vessel with wooden planks on a steel deck will have the deck line marked at the intersection of the upper line of the wood sheathing with the side shell.

22

Which statement about the fo'c'sle card is TRUE?

Is an exact copy of shipping articles.

23

Which statement about the ventilation of bulk coal is TRUE?

Coal should be surface ventilated only.

24

Which statement about the Williamson turn is FALSE?

It requires the highest degree of shiphandling skills to accomplish.

25

Which statement about tunnel bow thrusters fitted to large vessels is TRUE?

When going astern at slow speed, they provide effective steering control.

26

Which statement about two lines spliced together is TRUE?

Splicing two lines together is stronger than knotting two lines together.

27

Which statement concerning a 298 GRT inspected tug engaged in towing from Seattle, WA, to Alaska is TRUE?

Each crew member must be issued a certificate of discharge at the time of discharge.

28

Which statement concerning a short splice is TRUE?

A short splice is stronger than two lines joined by a knot.

29

Which statement concerning an automatic towing engine is FALSE?

As tension on the hawser increases, more line is taken in by the automatic towing engine.

30

Which statement concerning castor oil is TRUE?

It is a grade E combustible liquid.

31

Which statement concerning dual- tonnage vessels is TRUE?

A single-deck vessel may not be assigned dual tonnages.

32

Which statement concerning solid floors is TRUE?

They may have lightening, limber, or air holes cut into them.

33

Which statement concerning storm surges on the Great Lakes is FALSE?

They are common along the deeper areas of the lakes.

34

Which statement concerning sweat damage in containers is TRUE?

Containers should be ventilated, dehumidified, or the contents physically protected against sweat damage.

35

Which statement concerning the carriage of containers is TRUE?

With tiered containers, a 40- foot container may be stowed on top of two 20-foot containers.

36

Which statement concerning the handling characteristics of a fully loaded vessel as compared with those of a light vessel is FALSE?

A light vessel loses more rudder effect in shallow water.

37

Which statement concerning the lashings of containers with solid bar or wire rope lashings is TRUE?

Stack weights should be less when using a solid bar lashing as compared to a wire lashing.

38

Which statement concerning the navigation of a vessel in ice is FALSE?

When anchoring in ice, it is advisable to increase the scope of the chain over what is normally used for non-icing conditions.

39

Which statement describes a cofferdam?

it's constructed by placing two bulkheads a few feet apart

40

Which statement describes the motion of a yawing tow?

All of the above

41

Which statement is ALWAYS true?

Keep clear of any line that is under a strain.

42

Which statement is correct concerning the carriage of coal in bulk?

Coal should be vented with surface ventilation only.

43

Which statement is FALSE about using a wire bridle on an ocean tow?

The strength of each leg should be at least one-half that of the main towing hawser.

44

Which statement is FALSE
concerning a tagline as used with a 30- ton pedestal crane?

Taglines are wire rope purchases that raise and lower the jib.

45

Which statement is FALSE concerning precautions during fueling operations?

Fuel tanks should be topped off with no room for expansion.

46

Which statement is FALSE regarding certificates of discharge?

The mariner only signs the original copy of the discharge

47

Which statement is FALSE regarding the operation of a crane?

The cargo block is raised and lowered by the luffing winch.

48

Which statement is FALSE with regards to the Great Lakes Light List?

The Light List does not contain information on any of the navigational aids maintained by Canada.

49

Which statement is FALSE, concerning the Williamson turn?

The turn will return the vessel to the man's location in the shortest possible time.

50

Which statement is FALSE?

Nylon is most practical for use on hip towing.

51

Which statement is FALSE?

None of the above

52

Which statement is NOT true concerning the stowage of class 1 explosives?

Class 1.4 explosives may not be stowed in the same hold with class 6.1 poisons.

53

Which statement is TRUE about the use of a "gob rope"?

The gob rope is used to secure the towline aft over the centerline of a tug..

54

Which statement is TRUE about hooks and shackles?

Shackles are stronger than hooks of the same diameter.

55

Which statement is TRUE about nylon line?

Nylon stoppers should be used with nylon line.

56

Which statement is TRUE about placing the eyes of two mooring lines on the same bollard?

Take the eye of the second line up through the eye of the first line before putting the second line on the bollard.

57

Which statement is TRUE concerning a tagline as used with a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Taglines are wire ropes payed-out or taken-in for horizontal positioning of the rider block.

58

Which statement is TRUE concerning a tagline as used with a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Taglines can be fastened to the corners of vehicles or containers during cargo operations.

59

Which statement is TRUE concerning a tagline as used with a 30-ton pedestal crane?

The crane might not have taglines installed in its rigging system.

60

Which statement is TRUE concerning deep well self-priming pumps?

Stripping systems are generally eliminated for the purposes of cargo handling.

61

Which statement is TRUE concerning hawser towing?

Shortening the tow hawser generally decreases the maneuverability of the tug.

62

Which statement is TRUE concerning insulating flanges?

They should be inspected and tested periodically to ensure that the insulation is clean and in good condition.

63

Which statement is TRUE concerning lifeboat installations on Great Lakes vessels?

All lifelines shall be able to reach the water at the vessel's lightest draft with a 20° list.

64

Which statement is TRUE concerning lighting requirements for Great Lakes vessels?

An all-round white light may be carried in lieu of the second masthead light and stern light.

65

Which statement is TRUE concerning protection of double bottom tanks against excessive pressure?

The total area of the vents or the overflow shall be at least 125% of the area of the fill line.

66

Which statement is true concerning repairs on the hull of a vessel which is to be riveted and welded?

Welding must be completed before the riveting begins.

67

Which statement is TRUE concerning the tandem working arrangement of pedestal cranes when completing a quad lift?

The discharge is slow due to the size of the cargo and all the cranes working together.

68

Which statement is TRUE concerning the vessel's slipstream?

The propeller gives it a helical motion.

69

Which statement is TRUE concerning toluene?

It is an aromatic hydrocarbon.

70

Which statement is TRUE concerning vessels over 1600 gross tons certificated for service solely on the Great Lakes?

They must carry a deep-sea hand lead.

71

Which statement is TRUE concerning weather conditions on the Great Lakes?

When a vessel is north of an eastward-moving storm center, changes in the weather are less distinctive than when sailing south of the center.

72

Which statement is TRUE of centrifugal pumps aboard tank vessels?

They are gravity- fed.

73

Which statement is TRUE regarding the operation of a crane?

The crane jib is raised and lowered by the luffing winch.

74

Which statement is TRUE with respect to shiphandling procedures in ice?

Go astern in ice with extreme care - always with rudder amidships.

75

Which statement is TRUE with respect to the elasticity of nylon mooring lines?

Under load, nylon will stretch and thin out but will return to normal size when free of tension.

76

Which statement is TRUE with respect to the load line markings shown.

A vessel displaying these marks may load in the salt waters of the St.
Lawrence River.

77

Which statement(s) is(are) TRUE concerning wire rope?

Wire rope should be condemned if the outside wires are worn to one- half their original diameter.

78

Which statement(s) is/are FALSE concerning crane cargo operations?

Cargo loaded into vehicles and/or containers prior to lifting need not be secured.

79

Which statement(s) is/are TRUE concerning crane cargo operations?

Never exceed crane manufacturer’s limits concerning the safe working loads of cargo jibs.

80

Which statement(s) is/are TRUE concerning crane cargo operations?

All the above

81

Which statement(s) is/are TRUE concerning crane cargo operations?

All the above

82

Which statement(s) is/are TRUE regarding the operation of a crane?

The load is handled by the hoisting winch and cargo block.

83

Which statement, concerning offshore supply vessel operations, correctly defines the length of a voyage?

The total distance from the port of departure to the port of arrival, not including stops at offshore points

84

Which step is NOT generally taken when gas-freeing a tank?

Application of degreasing solvents

85

Which structural members improve a towing vessel's chance of surviving punctured shell plating?

Transverse watertight bulkheads

86

Which synthetic rope has the greatest breaking strength?

Polyester

87

Which tackle arrangement has the LEAST mechanical advantage?

Single whip

88

Which tanker discharge pattern would be the safest and most efficient?

Start discharging with most of the discharge coming from forward, but include some from midships and after tanks

89

Which tensioning device is used with chain to secure heavy vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Chain lever

90

Which tensioning device is used with chain to secure heavy vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Turnbuckle

91

Which tensioning device is used with webbing to secure light vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Ratchet tensioner

92

Which tensioning device is used with wire rope lashing to secure vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Adjust-a-matic tensioner

93

Which tensioning device is used with wire rope lashing to secure vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Adjust-a-matic tensioner

94

Which term describes a part of a natural fiber line?

Yarns

95

Which term describes a part of a natural fiber line?

Fibers

96

Which term describes a part of a natural fiber line?

Strands

97

Which term describes a rope in which three right-handed strands are laid up left-handed?

Hawser-laid

98

Which term describes goods having a stowage factor below 40?

"Deadweight" cargo

99

Which term indicates the rise in height of the bottom plating from the plane of the base line?

Deadrise

100

Which term refers to a transverse curvature of the deck?

Camber

101

Which tool is used to open the strands of fiber lines when making an eye splice?

Fid

102

Which towing equipment can be used to prevent the tripping of a tug?

Gob ropes

103

Which towing method maintains the most control over the tow?

Breasted tug towing

104

Which two Great Lakes are considered hydraulically as one?

Lakes Michigan - Huron

105

Which type of anchor is depicted?

Patent

106

Which type of anchor is illustrated?

Stockless

107

Which type of ballast is most commonly used in barges and ships?

Water

108

Which type of bottom is best suited for holding an anchor of a small boat?

Mud and clay

109

Which type of bottom provides most anchors with the best holding ability?

Sandy mud

110

Which type of bridle is the most effective for a heavy ocean tow?

Stud link anchor chain for chafe resistance and strength

111

Which type of carrier accepts without discrimination all legal cargoes of a shipper?

Common

112

Which type of chemical testing is NOT required of merchant marine personnel?

Annual

113

Which type of davit is not considered to be a mechanical davit?

Radial

114

Which type of fog is the most dense and widely spread of those that occur on the Great Lakes?

Advection fog

115

Which type of hull damage should be repaired FIRST?

Damage at or just above the waterline

116

Which type of ice is a hazard to navigation?

Growlers

117

Which type of ice is the most difficult to combat and presents the greatest hazard to shipping on the Great Lakes during the winter months?

Pack slush ice

118

Which type of line floats?

Polypropylene

119

Which type of line is best able to withstand sudden shock loads?

Nylon

120

Which type of line will stretch the most when under strain?

Nylon

121

Which type of line would have the LEAST resistance to mildew and rot?

Manila

122

Which type of link is generally used to connect shots of anchor chain?

Detachable

123

Which type of rudder may lose its effectiveness at angles of 10 or more degrees?

Balanced spade

124

Which type of shackle is used for most towing connections?

Safety shackles

125

Which type of stopper should be used to stop off wire rope?

Chain

126

Which type of towing hawser is preferred for towing astern?

Nylon

127

Which type of weld testing can be used to detect internal flaws?

Radiographic

128

Which type of weld testing can be used to detect internal flaws?

Ultrasonic

129

Which U.S. agency assigns an official number to a vessel?

Coast Guard

130

Which U.S. Government agency can suspend or revoke a Merchant Mariner's license for violating the load line act?

U.S. Coast Guard

131

Which variable factor affects the initial lashing requirements aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Number, position and angle of lashings

132

Which variable factor affects the initial lashing requirements aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Center of gravity of vehicle or cargo unit

133

Which variable factor affects the initial lashing requirements aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Size and weight of vehicle/cargo unit

134

Which vessel is exempt from the load line and marking requirements for vessels operating on the Great Lakes System?

A 500 GT dry cargo river barge operated continuously between Calumet Hbr Chicago, IL and Burns Hbr, IN

135

Which vessel is most likely to be loaded full but not down?

A break bulk vessel loaded with palletized cargo

136

Which vessel is required by regulations to have an Official Logbook?

A 100-gross ton tug on a trip between Baltimore, Maryland, and San Pedro, California.

137

Which vessel, if navigating independently in ice, is more likely to become beset due to inadequate horsepower?

A 630 ft. bulk ore carrier with 3500 H.P.

138

Which weakens a line the LEAST?

Short splice

139

Which weld fault can only be detected by a method that examines the internal structure of a weld?

Lack of penetration

140

Which will cause a wire rope to fail?

Using a sheave with an undersized throat

141

Which will most likely occur when entering shallow water?

The vessel's trim will change.

142

Which will NOT reduce yawing of a tow?

Trimming the tow by the bow

143

Which wire rope purchase(s) is/are optional with a 30-Ton pedestal crane?

Rider block

144

Which wire rope purchases may be used with a 30-ton pedestal crane?

All of the above

145

Which would you NOT use to report the amount of anchor chain out? "Three shots ."

on the bottom

146

While a vessel is at sea, the mate on watch discovers a fire in one of the hatches. Fire hoses are used to put the fire out and some of the cargo is damaged by water. In marine insurance terms, this partial loss by water is called                     .

general average

147

While a vessel is in a foreign port where there is no American Consul, a seaman becomes violent prior to sailing. The Master should
                    .

put the seaman in irons and sail to the next port where there is an American Consul

148

While anchoring your vessel, the best time to let go the anchor is when the vessel is .

moving slowly astern over the ground

149

While assigned to a 106 GRT vessel, you are required to sign "foreign" articles on a voyage from San Francisco to which port?

New York, NY

150

While assigned to a 120 GRT vessel, you are required to sign "foreign" articles on a voyage from New York City to which port?

Long Beach, California

151

While assigned to a 150 GRT vessel, you are required to sign "foreign" articles on a voyage from New Orleans to which port?

Cristobal Colon, Panama

152

While assigned to a 90 GRT vessel, you are required to sign "foreign" articles on a voyage from Philadelphia to which port?

San Francisco, CA

153

While being assisted by an icebreaker on Lake Superior, you receive a single letter code instructing you to slow your vessel. Which signal could you use to signify that you are complying with the request?

Four blasts of the whistle, namely 1
short 2 long and 1 short

154

While cranking out a quadrantal davit, slippage of the quadrant due to excessive wear or failure of the teeth in the quadrant will cause the
.

davit arm to pivot on the traveling nut and the head to fall outboard

155

While discharging a cargo, the stripping of the tanks falls behind schedule. This would indicate the
.

main pumps are leaving too much oil in the tanks

156

While discharging a tanker, list can be controlled by                     .

using wing tanks near the longitudinal center, discharging as necessary

157

While in dry dock your vessel will be belt-gauged. This process involves
                    .

drilling or sonic- testing the hull to determine the plate thickness

158

While loading a cargo of grain, your vessel develops a list to starboard. This will be corrected by                     .

the list man changing the discharge location of the chutes

159

While loading cargo, a white trimming light on the starboard side comes on. This indicates that                     .

the vessel has a list of about 1` to starboard

160

While loading or discharging vehicles, which is the most important safety consideration aboard a Ro-Ro vessel?

Preventing the asphyxiation of personnel below decks

161

While on duty as a look-out, which other duty may you perform?

None of the above

162

While on watch at sea you must maintain a proper lookout at all times. On a 700-foot cargo vessel being hand-steered during daylight hours in good visibility and clear of any navigational hazards, the lookout may be .

the mate on watch

163

While on watch at sea you must maintain a proper lookout at all times. You are on a 200-foot cargo vessel with an unobstructed view astern from the steering position. The vessel is being hand-steered during daylight hours in good visibility and clear of any navigational hazards. The lookout may be                     .

Either A or B

164

While standing look-out at night, a dim light on the horizon will be seen quickest by looking                     .

a little above the horizon

165

While steering by autopilot you notice that the vessel has deviated 15 degrees from course and there is no corrective rudder being applied. As a standard operating procedure you should first                     .

switch to hand steering

166

While steering by autopilot you notice that the vessel is deviating from the given course and there is no follow up with corrective rudder action to return to the proper heading. The emergency operating procedure should require you to immediately change operation from                     .

"gyro" to "hand"

167

While the Pilot is maneuvering the vessel to a dock, what is the primary responsibility of the watch officer?

Insure that helm and throttle orders given by the Pilot are correctly executed

168

While the Pilot is maneuvering the vessel to a dock, what is the PRIMARY responsibility of the watch officer?

Insure that helm and throttle orders given by the Pilot are correctly executed.

169

While the Pilot is maneuvering the vessel to a dock, what is the PRIMARY responsibility of the watch officer?

Insure that helm and throttle orders given by the Pilot are correctly executed.

170

While towing in shallow water you should consider                     .

All of the above

171

While towing, bridle legs of unequal lengths may cause                     .

the shorter leg to fail

172

While towing, sudden shock-loading caused during heavy weather can be reduced by                     .

using a heavier hawser

173

While towing, what is the principal danger in attempting to swing a barge on a hawser in order to slow the barge's speed?

The barge may pass under the hawser and capsize the tug.

174

While towing, what is the principal danger in attempting to swing a barge on a short hawser in order to slow the barge's speed?

The barge may swing too quickly and run over the tug.

175

While underway in thick fog you are on watch and hear the cry "man overboard". Which type of maneuver should you make?

Williamson turn

176

While underway, part of your cargo is damaged by fire. In marine insurance terms this partial loss is called .

particular average

177

While you are on watch entering port, the Master gives the helmsman a rudder command which conflicts with a rudder command from the Pilot.
You should make sure the helmsman
                    .

obeys the Master

178

While you are on watch, you learn that a crewman has not been seen on board for the past three hours. Which type of turn is best in this man- overboard situation?

Scharnow

179

While your vessel is docked port side to a wharf, a sudden gale force wind causes the vessel's bow lines to part. The bow begins to fall away from the dock, and no tugs are immediately available. Which measure(s) should you take FIRST?

Let go the starboard anchor.

180

While your vessel is docked port side to a wharf, a sudden gale force wind causes the vessel's stern lines to part. The stern begins to fall away from the dock, and no tugs are immediately available. Which measure(s) should you take FIRST?

Shut down any cargo transfer that's in progress.

181

Whipping the bitter end of a fiber rope
                    .

prevents fraying of the bitter end

182

Who cannot commit the crime of barratry?

Ship owner

183

Who certifies the safe working load of cargo booms on a vessel?

American Bureau of Shipping

184

Who is responsible for establishing watches aboard a U.S. vessel?

The Master of the vessel

185

Who is responsible for properly manning a vessel in accordance with all applicable laws, regulations and international conventions?

The Master of the vessel

186

Who is responsible for providing urine specimen collection kits to be used following a serious marine incident?

The marine employer

187

Who may perform as a lookout?

A member of the navigational watch

188

Who publishes the "Canadian List of Lights, Buoys and Fog Signals"?

The Canadian Coast Guard

189

Who should be notified prior to starting up a crane?

The engine room

190

Who would normally certify that all preparations have been made and all regulations observed prior to loading a cargo of bulk grain?

National Cargo Bureau

191

Why are most break bulk vessels built with the transverse framing system rather than the longitudinal system?

The deep web frames interfere with the stowage of break bulk cargo.

192

Why are stern towing bitts placed well forward of the rudder when hawser towing?

To allow the stern to swing more freely when using rudder

193

Why is 6X19 class wire rope more commonly used for cargo runners than the more flexible 6X37 wire rope?

It resists abrasion better.

194

Wire rope is galvanized to
.

protect it from corrosion due to contact with saltwater

195

Wire rope is used in the towing industry                     .

All of the above

196

Wire rope should be renewed when the                     .

outer wires are worn to half their original diameter

197

With a following sea, a vessel will tend to .

yaw

198

With a given load on the cargo hook, tension in a single span topping lift
                    .

increases as the boom's angle to the horizontal decreases

199

With a given load on the cargo hook, the thrust on a cargo boom
                    .

increases as the angle to the horizontal increases

200

With a large ocean tow in heavy weather, you should NOT
                    .

adjust the towline so the tug is on the crest when the tow is in the trough