Deck General - 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Deck General - 8 Deck (200):
1

Using the available references, if the dry bulb temperature is 98°, and the wet bulb temperature is 87°, what is the relative humidity in a cargo hold?

64%

2

Usually the most gentle way of riding out a severe storm on a larger vessel is .

running before the seas

3

Vertical structural members attached to the floors that add strength to the floors are called                     .

stiffeners

4

Wages due a seaman may be attached by the court for the
.

support of a spouse

5

Wages due a seaman may be attached by the court for the
.

support of a minor child

6

Wale shores would be used when dry docking a vessel with                     .

excessive deadrise

7

Water may boil up around the stern of a vessel in a channel due to
.

shallow water

8

Weight concentration in which area will cause a vessel's bottom to be subjected to tension stresses?

Amidships

9

What accident situation is considered a Serious Marine Incident?

All of the above

10

What affect does shallow water have on a vessel's stopping distance?

The stopping distance is longer.

11

What are reef points used for?

Reduce the area of a sail

12

What best describes an anchor buoy?

A buoy attached to the anchor

13

What characterizes a Ro-Ro vessel?

High freeboard and sail area

14

What could be used as fairleads on a towed vessel?

All of the above

15

What describes a tandem crane lift?

Two sets of twin cranes hoisting 120 tons

16

What describes a twin crane lift?

Two cranes on a single pedestal hoisting 60 tons

17

What descriptive term indicates that the dimension is measured from the inner face of the shell or deck plating?

Molded

18

What does "end for end" mean in regard to a towing hawser?

To swap ends of the hawser to minimize wear

19

What does "in step" refer to in regards to towing?

Both the towed and towing vessels reach a wave crest or trough at the same time.

20

What does "level-luffing" accomplish during crane operations?

All of the above

21

What does a jib refer to on a crane?

Boom

22

What does a Visaed Alien Crew List which is made and submitted to the
U.S. Consul for visa show?

Nonresident aliens aboard

23

What does item "A" refer to in this illustration of a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Cargo hoist falls

24

What does item "C" refer to in this illustration of a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Rider block

25

What does item "D" refer to in this illustration of a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Hook block

26

What does item "E" refer to in this illustration of a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Tagline

27

What does item "G" refer to in this illustration of a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Turntable

28

What does item "K" refer to in this illustration of a 30-ton pedestal crane?

Rider block taglines

29

What does the helm command "shift the rudder" mean?

Put the rudder over to the opposite side, the same number of degrees it is now.

30

What does the line labeled "MS" denote on the Great Lakes load line model shown?

Midsummer

31

What does the proof test load of an anchor chain demonstrate?

Strength of the chain to a specified limit

32

What does the term "end-for-end" refer to in regard to a wire towing hawser?

Removing the wire rope from the drum and reversing it so that the towing end becomes the bitter end

33

What equipment is customarily used when seamen are working on a stage rigged over the side of a vessel?

All of the above

34

What equipment is NOT used to protect a towing hawser?

Halyards and snap hooks

35

What form of ice is of land origin?

Bergy bit

36

What imminent danger results from tripping?

Capsizing your tug

37

What is a characteristic of all centrifugal cargo pumps?

Decreasing the speed of rotation will decrease the discharge pressure.

38

What is a cofferdam?

Void or empty space separating two tanks

39

What is a correct reply to a pilot's request, "How's your head"?

"Passing 200°"

40

What is a CORRECT reply to a pilot's request, "How's your head"?

"Passing 50°"

41

What is a proper size block to use with a 3-inch circumference Manila line?

9-inch cheek, 6- inch sheave

42

What is a solid at ambient temperature?

Naphthalene

43

What is a spill pipe?

A pipe under the anchor windlass leading to the chain locker

44

What is a step in attaching a poured metal socket to a wire rope?

Etch the wire with acid.

45

What is a wet cargo?

A canned or bottled liquid such as beer

46

What is an advantage in the use of a towing hook?

All of the above

47

What is an advantage of a gate valve over a butterfly valve?

Less frequent maintenance

48

What is an advantage of having wire rope with a fiber core over that of a wire rope of the same size with a wire core?

Fiber core rope offers greater flexibility.

49

What is an advantage of the 6X19 class of wire rope over the 6X37 class of wire rope of the same diameter?

More resistance to corrosion

50

What is an advantage of the 6X37 class of wire rope over the 6X19 class of wire rope of the same diameter?

Greater flexibility

51

What is an example of a fundamental objective of cargo stowage?

Prevent overcarriage by block stowage.

52

What is an example of the term "Restraint of Rulers, Princes, or Peoples" in a marine insurance policy?

A prohibition from loading a cargo from a country's government interference.

53

What is an explosion hazard when exposed to flame?

Toluene

54

What is another description for a tandem crane lift?

Quad lift hoisting 120 tons

55

What is another name for the boom of a crane?

Jib

56

What is considered a Serious Marine Incident?

an injury to a crewmember, passenger, or other person which requires professional medical treatment beyond first aid

57

What is LEAST likely to be used to strip a cargo tank?

Centrifugal pump

58

What is likely to occur when you are surging synthetic mooring lines on the gypsyhead during mooring operations?

The heat generated may cause the lines to temporarily fuse to the gypsyhead.

59

What is meant by "spotting the boom"?

Placing it in a desired position

60

What is meant by "thieving" a petroleum cargo?

Determining the amount of water (if any) in each cargo tank

61

What is meant by the term "broaching to"?

Being turned broadside to the sea

62

What is meant by the term "level- luffing" a crane?

Luffing while the load remains at a constant height

63

What is meant by the term "luffing the boom" of a crane?

Topping or lowering the boom

64

What is meant by the term "topping the boom"?

Raising the boom

65

What is meant by the term "two- blocked"?

The bottom block touches the top block.

66

What is meant by veering the anchor chain?

Paying out more chain

67

What is normally used to pass a mooring line to a dock?

Heaving line

68

What is NOT a basic shiphandling rule for navigating in ice concentrations on the Great Lakes?

Transit ice along pressure ridges when possible.

69

What is NOT a form used by ice support services to disseminate information?

Ice Bulletins

70

What is NOT a precaution to be taken when topping off?

Notify the engine room of the procedure.

71

What is NOT a primary function of the freight forwarder?

To provide financial assistance to the shipper when required

72

What is NOT a problem when carrying coal?

The requirement for through- ventilation

73

What is NOT a requirement for a salvage claim?

The salvors must save or attempt to save any life in peril.

74

What is NOT a requirement for the preparation of used, gasoline- propelled cars if they are to be carried as ordinary cargo and not as hazardous cargo?

The fuel tank must be inerted with CO2.

75

What is NOT a requirement for the safe and effective use of a crude oil washing system?

Use portable washing machines to reach areas obscured by structural members in the tanks.

76

What is NOT a securing system used on a containership?

Stacking system

77

What is NOT accepted as the required shipping papers on a manned and loaded tank barge?

Logbook entry

78

What is NOT an advantage of a wire towing hawser?

Has more spring and shock resistance than synthetic.

79

What is NOT an advantage of centrifugal pumps over reciprocating pumps?

They require priming for stripping.

80

What is NOT an advantage of containership operations over conventional break-bulk operations?

Flexibility of operation

81

What is NOT an advantage of double bottom ships?

They are less expensive to construct because of increased access space.

82

What is NOT an advantage of filler cargo?

Overcarriage is reduced or eliminated.

83

What is NOT an advantage of ship construction methods using welded butt joints in the shell plating?

Reduces plate stress

84

What is NOT an indication that pack ice may be nearby?

The presence of icebergs

85

What is NOT characteristic of the conditions which would be experienced by a vessel located southeast of an approaching eastward- moving storm center on the Great Lakes?

Falling barometer

86

What is NOT considered "jewelry"?

Buttons

87

What is NOT considered maritime property in a salvage claim?

buoys

88

What is NOT considered maritime property in a salvage claim?

light-vessels

89

What is NOT required as special safety equipment on a tankship carrying hazardous cargoes in bulk?

Two portable vapor detectors suitable for the cargoes carried

90

What is NOT required on an uninspected towing vessel?

Certificate of Inspection

91

What is NOT required to be approved or certified by the U.S. Coast Guard before being used on inspected vessels?

Steel plate used in hull construction

92

What is NOT suitable for use in making up the towing rig for a heavy, long ocean tow?

Ring

93

What is NOT surveyed at an annual load line survey?

The bilge pumping system

94

What is NOT true regarding a Lloyd's Open Form (LOF) Salvage Agreement?

The LOF is subject to the law of the country the two parties agree upon

95

What is required to be entered into the Official Logbook?

Opening a sideport at sea to renew a gasket

96

What is required to be posted in the pilothouse of a vessel?

Muster List ("Station Bill")

97

What is required to be posted in the pilothouse of a vessel?

Maneuvering Characteristics

98

What is required to be stenciled at the heel of a cargo boom?

Safe working load

99

What is required to launch a boat stowed in a crescent davit?

Crank the crescent out.

100

What is the accepted standard for wire rope falls used in connection with the lifeboat gear?

Six by nineteen regular-lay filler wire rope

101

What is the advantage of the tandem working arrangement of pedestal cranes when operating cargo?

All of the above

102

What is the best guide for determining the proper scope of anchor chain to use for anchoring in normal conditions?

One shot of chain for every fifteen feet of water

103

What is the best splice for repairing a parted synthetic fiber mooring line?

Short splice

104

What is the breaking strain of steel wire rope with a 5/8" diameter?

9.6 tons

105

What is the chief hazard encountered when surging synthetic mooring lines on the gypsyhead during operations?

The heat generated may cause the lines to temporarily fuse to the gypsyhead.

106

What is the computed breaking strength of a 4-inch manila line?

14,400 lbs.

107

What is the difference between net tonnage and gross tonnage?

Net tonnage is the gross tonnage less certain deductible spaces.

108

What is the difference between net tonnage and gross tonnage?

Net tonnage is the gross tonnage less certain deductions for machinery and other areas.

109

What is the effect of releasing the towline in a tripping situation?

It disconnects the capsizing force and allows the tug to recover from its list.

110

What is the greatest danger of an overriding tow?

Collision between the tow and the stern of the towing vessel

111

What is the main purpose of dunnage?

To provide ventilation and drainage for cargo

112

What is the main reason to slush a wire rope?

Lubricate the inner wires and prevent wear

113

What is the meaning of a flag hoist consisting of the code letters "WM" (Whiskey Mike) when displayed by an icebreaker?

"Icebreaker support is now commencing."

114

What is the meaning of the term tare weight?

Weight of a container

115

What is the mechanical advantage of a threefold purchase when rove to disadvantage and neglecting friction?

6

116

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 1?

1

117

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 10?

5

118

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 11?

6

119

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 2?

2

120

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 3?

3

121

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 6?

6

122

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 7?

2

123

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 8?

3

124

What is the mechanical advantage of tackle number 9?

4

125

What is the mechanical advantage, neglecting friction, of tackle number 12?

7

126

What is the mechanical advantage, neglecting friction, of tackle number 4?

4

127

What is the mechanical advantage, neglecting friction, of tackle number 5?

5

128

What is the minimum size required before a vessel can be documented?

5 net tons

129

What is the minimum size required before a vessel can be documented?

5 net tons

130

What is the minimum standard for making an eye splice in a wire to be used as cargo gear?

Make three tucks with full strands, remove half the wires from each strand, and make two more tucks.

131

What is the MOST irritating to the skin?

Oleum

132

What is the name of tackle number 1?

Whip

133

What is the name of tackle number 11?

Double luff tackle

134

What is the name of tackle number 12?

Threefold purchase

135

What is the name of tackle number 2?

Gun tackle

136

What is the name of tackle number 3?

Single luff tackle

137

What is the name of tackle number 4?

Two-fold purchase

138

What is the name of tackle number 5?

Double luff tackle

139

What is the name of tackle number 6?

Threefold purchase

140

What is the name of tackle number 7?

Runner

141

What is the name of tackle number 8?

Gun tackle

142

What is the name of tackle number 9?

Luff tackle

143

What is the name of the mark indicated by the letter A?

Deck line

144

What is the name of the mark indicated by the letter B in the diagram?

Tropical fresh water load line

145

What is the name of the mark indicated by the letter C?

Fresh water line

146

What is the name of the mark indicated by the letter D?

Tropical load line

147

What is the name of the mark indicated by the letter E?

Summer water line

148

What is the name of the mark indicated by the letter F?

Winter load line

149

What is the penalty for desertion?

Forfeiture of money and property left on the vessel, and wages due

150

What is the penalty for willfully damaging cargo?

Forfeiture of wages equal to the value of the damage and, if ordered by the court, imprisonment for not more than 12 months

151

What is the period of validity of a Cargo Ship Safety Equipment Certificate?

60 months

152

What is the period of validity of a Cargo Ship Safety Radio Certificate?

60 months

153

What is the period of validity of a De- Rat certificate?

6 months

154

What is the period of validity of a Safety Management Certificate?

60 months

155

What is the period of validity of the SOLAS required Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate?

60 months

156

What is the principal danger in attempting to swing a barge on a hawser in order to slow the barge's speed?

The barge may pass under the hawser and capsize the tug.

157

What is the purpose of cant frames in steel vessels?

To provide strength to shell plating at the stern

158

What is the purpose of pressure- vacuum relief valves?

Automatic regulation of pressure or vacuum in enclosed spaces

159

What is the purpose of the equalizing beam aboard a crane vessel?

It is required to "twin-up" 30-ton pedestal cranes.

160

What is the purpose of the freeing ports on a vessel with solid bulwarks?

Allow water which may be shipped on deck to flow off rapidly

161

What is the purpose of the relief valve of a cargo pump?

Permits the return of cargo to the suction side of the pump

162

What is the stowage factor of a commodity whose density is 15 pounds per cubic foot?

149

163

What is the stress on the hauling part when lifting a 4,200 lbs. weight using a threefold purchase rove to advantage? (Allow 10 percent of the weight per sheave for friction.)

960

164

What is the stress on the hauling part when lifting a 4900 lbs. weight using a twofold purchase rove to least advantage? (Allow 10 percent of the weight per sheave for friction.)

1715 lbs.

165

What is TRUE of pressure/vacuum valves?

All of the above

166

What is used to power modern pedestal cranes?

Hydraulics

167

What is used to prevent accidental flooding of a double bottom or peak tanks in the event of a pipe rupture due to collision?

Suction lines are fitted with a non- return valve

168

What is used to prevent twisting of a towing bridle?

A fishplate

169

What is used to prevent wear on towlines that bear on hard surfaces?

Chafing gear

170

What is used when securing heavy vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

None of these

171

What is used when securing light vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

Buckle or ratchet tensioner

172

What is used when securing light vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

None of these

173

What is usually NOT required in preparing a hold for reception of a bulk grain cargo?

Steam clean areas obstructed by structural members.

174

What is/are the advantage(s) of cranes over conventional cargo booms?

All of the above

175

What is/are the advantage(s) of using web lashing on light vehicles aboard Ro-Ro vessels?

All of the above

176

What material may be substituted for zinc when making a poured metal socket ending to a wire rope?

Nothing

177

What may NOT be used when securing heavy vehicles aboard Ro- Ro vessels?

Webbing

178

What may prevent a tug from tripping or capsizing when towing a large vessel?

Norman Pins

179

What minimum size manila line is required to hold a weight of 932 pounds, if you use a safety factor of six?

2.5"

180

What must be accurately determined to assess the potential for progressive flooding after a vessel has been damaged?

The integrity of the water tight boundaries

181

What part of the ground tackle is the most likely to develop fractures due to extensive anchor use?

Jews' harp

182

What produces the MOST dangerous vapors?

Anhydrous ammonia

183

What provides little or no indication that a vessel is dragging anchor?

Changing range to an object abeam

184

What provides little or no indication that a vessel is dragging anchor?

Drift lead with the line leading perpendicular to the centerline

185

What provides the majority of strength to an aluminum-sided container?

Framework, primarily the corner posts

186

What purpose does a bridge fitting serve when lashing containers?

Restrains the container against horizontal motion

187

What purpose does a tow hook serve?

To quickly connect or release the towing hawser

188

What requires a Report of Marine Accident, Injury or Death?

All of the above

189

What safety precautions must you take when maneuvering on a towing hook?

Clear the afterdeck and fantail of personnel.

190

What shape barge offers the least resistance in river towing?

Barges with raked shaped bows

191

What should be done after putting down the ramp on a Ro-Ro vessel, prior to loading or discharging cargo?

Turn on ventilation for cargo holds.

192

What should be done before energizing the cargo hold ventilation on a Ro-Ro vessel, prior to loading or discharging cargo?

Notify the engine room.

193

What should be done immediately after putting down the stern ramp on a Ro-Ro vessel, prior to loading or discharging cargo?

Raise/open the stern door.

194

What should be given, as a minimum, to personnel who are involved in crane cargo handling?

Protective head gear, gloves, and steel-toed safety shoes

195

What should be readily available on deck while seamen are working over the side on a stage?

Ring buoy

196

What should look-outs report?

All of the above

197

What should NOT be used as an indicator that ice may be D nearby?

A dark appearance of the sky

198

What should you be concerned with when loading and securing vehicles aboard a Ro-Ro vessel?

The size, weight, and center of gravity of vehicle/cargo unit

199

What should you be concerned with when loading and securing vehicles on a Ro-Ro?

Number, position and angle of lashes

200

What should you do to a line to prevent fraying where it passes over the side of the vessel?

Cover it with chafing gear.