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A1. Women's Health > Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Definitions Deck (47):
1

Abnormal Uterine bleeding (AUB)

An overarching term for disturbed menstrual bleeding, which includes bleeding that is abnormally heavy or abnormal in timing

2

Primary ammenorrhea

Absence of periods ever

3

Secondary ammenorrhea

Absence of periods for a 6 month period

4

Intermenstrual bleeding

Bleeding episodes between normally timed menstrual periods that are either random or follow a cyclical pattern

5

Prolonged menstrual bleeding

Menstrual bleeding lasting >8 days on a regular basis

6

Acute AUB

An episode of heavy bleeding that, in the clinician's opinion, is sufficiently heavy to require immediate treatment to prevent further blood loss

7

Chronic AUB

Bleeding from the uterine corpus that is abnormal in volume, duration, and/or frequency and has been present for most of the past 6 months

8

Heavy menstrual bleeding (replaces menorrhagia)

Excessive menstrual blood loss that interferes with a woman's physical, emotional, social and material quality of life, occurring alone or with other symptoms.

Note: this definition includes menstrual bleeding deemed excessive by the patient regardless of its regularity, frequency or duration

9

Dysmenorrhea

Pelvic pain during menstruation

10

Dyspareunia

Pelvic pain with sexual intercourse

11

Cervical excitation

Pain felt by the woman when her cervix is moved during vaginal examination, typically from free blood in the peritoneal cavity

12

Cervical ectropion

The endocervical columnar epithelium protrudes through the external os of the cervix and onto the vaginal portion of the cervix

13

Infertility

Failure for a couple to conceive in 1 year

14

Endometriosis

The occurrence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, most commonly on the pelvic peritoneal surfaces

15

Adenomyosis

The occurrence of endometrial tissue within the myometrium

16

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Infection of uterus, fallopian tube or pelvis

17

Menopause

The final menstrual period

18

Premature menopause

Menopause occurring before 40 years of age

19

Climacteric/Perimenopause

The period of time when ovarian function declines and menopausal symptoms appear

20

Post menopause

The time after menopause

21

Lactational amenorrhea method

Effective contraception provided when a woman is fully breast-feeding a baby less than 6 months of age and has no return of menses

22

Cord prolapse

The cord is alongside or below the presenting part in the presence of ruptured membranes

23

Episiotomy

Surgical incision of the perineum during the second stage of labour

24

Third degree tear

Perineal trauma which involves the vaginal mucosa, perineal muscles and external anal sphincter

25

Second degree tear

Perineal trauma which involves the vaginal mucosa and perineal muscles

26

Lochia

Vaginal discharge during the pueperium

27

Oligohydramnios

Reduced amniotic fluid

28

Polyhydramnios

Excess amniotic fluid

29

Pre-eclampsia

Hypertension and proteinuria in pregnancy

30

Eclampsia

A seizure in the clinical setting of preeclampsia

31

Amniocentesis

Sampling of amniotic fluid using a needle through the abdominal wall of the woman

32

Chorionic Villis Sampling (CVS)

Chorionic villus sampling. Sampling of the placenta using a needle under ultrasound guidance.

33

External cephalic version

Turning a breech baby to cephalic presentation through the maternal abdominal wall

34

Retained placenta

Placenta still in utero 1 hour after delivery of the baby

35

Precipitate labour

Labour less than 4 hours duration

36

Shoulder dystocia

Difficulty delivering the shoulders after delivery of the fetal head

37

Peuperium

The 6 weeks following delivery

38

Quickening

Maternal perception of fetal movements

39

Restitution

Rotation of the fetal head after delivery to align with the back and shoulders

40

Show

A discharge of blood and mucus from the vagina in early labour or the days preceding labour

41

Phototherapy

Use of standard fluorescent white or blue light therapy to photoisomerise bilirubin to allow for its excretion

42

Exchange transfusion

Procedure to treat severe newborn pathological jaundice in which blood is removed and replaced with donor blood. This removes the bilirubin and also the antibodies that have been causing haemolysis and jaundice

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Low birthweight baby

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Very low birthweight baby

45

Neonatal respiratory death

Tachypnoea, increased effort of breathing, noisy breathing and central cyanosis

46

Caesarean hysterectomy

Laparotomy at which the contents of the gravid uterus are delivered, then the uterus is excised (e.g due to placenta accreta)

47

Perimortem CS

Caesarean performed on a moribund or dead woman with a view to preserving her life