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Flashcards in Definitions Deck (21)
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1

Geographical issues

Areas of concern that arise due to changes in the human or natural environment.

2

Sustainability

The consumption of resources in such a way that supplies will not be depleted for future generations.

3

Social justice

The just and fair treatment of individuals and groups in society.

4

Equity

Ensuring that everyone has an even share ; about concept of fairness.

5

Spatial dimension

Where things are and why they are there.

6

Ecological dimension

Relationship between people and the environment and the effects they have on each other

7

Urban renewal

The redevelopment of an urban area

8

Urban sprawl

The continuous, and often unplanned outward growth of an urban area.

9

Urban decay

The deterioration of the built environment.

10

Urban consolidation

Policies that encourage higher population densities in established suburban area, usually through planning regulations.

11

Suburbanisation

The movement of people, employment and facilities away from the inner city towards outer urban areas

12

Exurbanisation

The process whereby people move away from the city to rural areas but continue to maintain an urban way of life either through long distance community or technology.

13

Gentrification

The renewal of inner city residential precincts mainly for middle to high income earners

14

Spatial exclusion

The protection of luxury lifestyle, which has resulted in restrictions in spatial access and the freedom of movement of other urban dwellers

15

Trade

The exchange of goods or services for the benefit of both parties.

16

Competitive advantage

The ability gained through attributes and resources to perform at a higher level than competitors

17

GDP

Gross domestic product

Amount of money made by the country which is used to determine economic performance

18

Globalisation

The process of the world becoming an interconnected community

19

Bilateral aid

Aid given from the government of one country to the government of another country for long term development

20

Multilateral aid

Aid given by the government of many countries to international organisations for large scale projects

21

Emergency humanitarian relief

Supply of resources to countries in need due to natural disasters or other crises