Flashcards in Definitions Deck (131)
Localised form of acute purulent inflammation forming a pus filled cavity.
Malignant tumor of glandular epithelium.
Benign tumor of glandular epithelium.
Abnormal band of connective tissue fixing serosal membranes to each other.
Failure of an organ to form during embryogenesis.
Abnormal accumulation of specific extracellular proteins causing hardening, enlargement and malfunction of the involved organ.
Lack of differentiation in malignant tumor.
Abnormal permanent dilatation of a blood vessel or part of a heart chamber.
Failure of growth of a tissue.
Programmet cell death, occuring in normal or pathological individual cells.
Hardening of the arteries caused by any condition.
Inflammation primarily within the wall of arteries.
Transudate in peritoneal cavity.
Failure of alveolar expand, resulting firm consistency (increased lung volume).
Hardening of the arteries caused by lipid accumulation in the intima.
Embryological failure of lumen formation in normally hollow organs or ducts.
Pathological or physiological cellular or organ shrinkage.
Change of normal cellular appearance due to reactive or mainly neoplastic processes.
Digestion of tissue by enzymes contained within it.
Inflammation of the glans.
The process of removing a part or cells from tissues (anything but fluid) from patients for diagnostic purposes.
Undifferentiated emmbryonal tumor characterized by small blue cells.
Mechanism of the development of malignant neoplasms.
Traditional name of neuroendocrine tumors in GI and respiratory tract (currently applied just in lugn tumor classifications).
Malignant epithelial neoplasm.
Carcinoma IN SITU
Severe form of intraepithelial neoplasia.
Early, mircroscopic phase of invasiveness with low risk of metastatisation
Congenital narrowing of the aorta.
HPV associated benign warty tumor of the genital squamous epithelium.
Deceleration and accumulation of blood in the venous system.
Cavity with epithelial lining.
Disorder, not otherwise classified, resulting reversible structural and functional abnormality of an organ or tissue.
Inflammation of the skin.
Tumor induced stromal reaction characterised by collagen rich connective tissue.
Affecting an organ or tissue in a continuous or widespread distribution (contrast with focal).
Abnormal mucosal pouch formation of luminal viscera.
Abnormal growth and differentiation of cells within the epithelium due to early neoplastic changes (=genetic damage).
Disorder, not otherwise classified, resulting degeneration of a tissue.
Abnormal dilation of luminal structures.
Normal tissue in an inappropriate site.
Accumulation of fluid transudate within a tissue.
Gas, fluid or solid mass within blood vessels, capable of blocking its lumen.
Enlargement of alveolar cavities due to disruption of alveolar membranes.
Pus in a preformed cavity.
Inflammatory process of the cardial valves.
Tumor growth inwards from a surface.
Macrophage with epitheloid appearance, forming granulomas.
Superficial damage of epithelial surfaces.
Tumor growth outwards from a surface.
Extracellular accumulation of protein- rich fluid due to increased capillary permeability in acute inflammation.
Collagenous connective tissue proliferation.
Abnormal duct- like connection between luminal viscera and/ or skin.
Localised type of any lesion (contrast with diffuse).
Localised lesion, more than one.
Localised, single lesion.
Multinucleated large cell of macrophage origin.
Giant cell, FOREIGN BODY TYPE
Characteristics for foreign body reaction.
Giant cell, LANGHANS TYPE
Characteristics for granulomatous inflammation.
Degree of malignant tumours' differentiation, based on its histological features.
Newly formed capillary rich connective tissue in regeneration/ replication.
Roundish aggregations of epitheloid and giant cells.
Congeintal tumor- like mass composed of matured tissue elements normally present in the organ in which it arises.
Localised accumulation of coagulated blood with a solid tissue.
Blood in the pericardial sac (= tamponade).
Blood in the thoracic cavity.
Abnormal protursion of an organ, or part of it, outside its usual compartment.
Presence of normal tissue in an abnormal location.
Amorphous, form texture of degenerated protein accumulation.
Increased staining of the nucleus.
Enlargement of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the number of cells.
Enlargement of an organ or tissue due to an increase in the size of cells.
Death of tissue due to insufficient blood supply (ischemia).
Death of tissue due to insufficient blood supply and consequential bleeding (dual or collateral arterial system, or venous circulation).
Inflammation, ACUTE FIBROUS
Short term inflammation with fibrin- rich exudate.
Inflammation, ACUTE HEMORRHAGIC
Short term inflammation with capillary endothelial destruction and consequential bleeding.
Inflammation, ACUTE PURULENT
Short term inflammation with neutrophil- rich exudate.
Inflammation, ACUTE SEROUS
Short term inflammation with acellular exudate.
Inflammation, CHRONIC ACTIVE
Pattern of chronic mucosal inflammation mixed with acute inflammation of the glands.
Inflammation, CHRONIC GRANULOMATOUS
Specific form of chronic inflammation characterised by granuloma formation.
Inflammation, CHRONIC NON- SPECIFIC
Long term inflammatory reaction with lymphocytes and plasma cells.
Capability of malignant tumor cells to infiltrate normal tissues and enter blood vessels/ lymphatics.
Reduction of volume of an organ or tissue (similarly to atrophy) due to physiological processes (e.g. thymus).
Form of nuclear destruction, fading.
Form of nuclear destruction, fragmentation.
HPV infected squamous epithelial cell characterised by nuclear irregularity, hyperchromasia and perinuclear halo.
Formation of calculi (stones).
Primary malignancy of lymphoid tissue.
Inflammation of the breast.
Primary malignancy of melanocytes.
Adaptive process of a tissue characterised by transformation to another type of mature tissue.
Lymphatic, vascular or transluminal migration and mass formation of malignant tumor cells at other sites than the primary location.
Pathological, irreversible cell or tissue death in a living organism.
Tissue growth due to abnormal and uncontrolled cell proliferation.
A gene abnormally expressed in tumor capable for transforming normal cell.
Inflammation of the testis.
Benign neoplasm of non- glandular epithelium.
Small are of bleeding.
Inflammation of a vein.
Thrombosis of a vein.
Diffuse form of acute purulent inflammation, spreading within the tissues.
Variation in size and shape of cells, usually characteristic for malignant neoplasms.
Inflammation of the lung.
Air in the thoracic cavity.
Lesion protruded from a surface: pedunculated (with stalk) or sessile (broad- based without stalk).
Transudate in the thoracic cavity.
Inflammation of the rectum.
Newly formed cavity lacking an epithelial lining.
Fibrinous exudate covering mucosal surface.
Small abscess on the skin.
Form of nuclear destruction, shrinkage.
Pus in the thoracic cavity.
Neoplasm growing at the same place as previously treated primary tumor of identical type.
Healing with formation of new tissue identical to the lost one.
Reappearance of the disease after a peroid of good health.
Period of good health prior to possible relapse of a chronic disease.
Healing with formation of new tissue NOT identical to the lost one.
Restoration of normality.
Inflammation of the adnex (ovary and tube).
Malignant neoplasm of mesenchymal origin.
Collapse of circulation characterised by hypertension and failure of microcirculation.
Stagnation of fluid due to obstruction and congestion.
Fatty degeneration of the liver.
Narrowing of the lumen.
Formation of pus.
Germ cell neoplasia that contains ecto-, endo- and mesodermal tissues, which can be matured or immatured.
Coagulated blood formed within the circulation.
Extracellular accumulation of fluid of low protein content due to abnormal hydrostatic or oncostatic pressure in capillaries.
Tumor supressor gene
A gene that protects a cell from abnormal proliferation. Its inactivation promote malignant transformation.
Abnormal cellular proliferation resulting local mass formation.
Abnormal cellular proliferation with invasiveness and metastatisation.