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Flashcards in Definitions Deck (20):

What are movement patterns?

Movement patterns are the smooth and coordinated  functional movement resulting from the coordinated action of joints and muscle. 


Fidgety movements are:

repertoire of movements that babies express in the womb which are crucial for normal fetus development, kicking, 


What's the difference between reflexive and refined movement patterns


Reflexive movement patterns , Refined movement patterns

Search for their mother's breast and suckle

- bending arms and legs,  strong kicking

- the stepping movements a baby make when they are held upright with feet on firm surfaces and tilted forward

- moving fingers and toes

- turning their heads

- a wide variety of facial movements


 allow them to further develop more refined movement patterns. 


What are the more refined movement patterns?

Refined movement patterns are a result of the ability to coordinate the many joints and muscles such as crawling, press up onto their hands when lying non the front side, squatting, bear crawl, walking, looking behind her A refined movement pattern allow the baby to accomplish a movement task...


What might be some intrinsic factors of a child to climb up the stairs? How about extrinsic factors?

Muscle strength - enough strength and balanced motor control to coordinate all the muscles and joints to accomplish the task Motivation - mother, toy, Extrinsic: Influence of the physical environment or psychosocial - Familiarity of the environment and know where to go - the height of the steps - Surfaces of the stairs, hardwood, she is barefooted which allow her to grip - Toy or person


The Balance Theory Model and has five factors

- A theory model that is used to analyze movement - explain the impact of different factors on human movement


Explain the Task Environment of the Balance Model Theory

- Refers to the immediate environment.

Where is the task design taking place and what is available in the environment that assist or hinders the task? (Different from the larger environment of where the task is taking place.)  For example,  

- Explains how movement can be limited, modified or adapted in relation to the environment 

Other examples: the stairs, height, the surface of the stairs in which the individuals is navigating

"The use of the scale is provided to jack which provide feedback and encouragement"  as a result it helps jack decide how much he could load, and encourages him to load more weight on his leg. 


The Task Design vs Individual

The quality and characteristics of task at hand

• What (movement/task) is being performed? such as frequency, quality, force, intensity

eg. The man is going up the stairs to pick up a bag and walk back down the stairs eg., the baby is crawling up the stairs


Individual:  Jack is young and active, he probably has normal healing. 


The organization

The organization is the the larger environment in which the system occurs. eg. (house? work place? health institution etc..) It explains how the organization can affect human movement. Assumes that each organization has a set of rules or norms that can alter the way a person moves within that system. This factor identifies what it is that the facility/work place/ space can do/ change/ modify to facilitate the tasks. Wheelchair accessibility or hand rails for people with mobility issues...


Explain Technology of the Balance Theory MODEL 

This factor explains how the use of technology can modify/ impact human movement.

eg., maybe the technology here could be delivering a non slippery surface stairs.... , cane for walking


The parallel bars and x ray to ensure safety while performing task. X-ray photos show to jack that his bone has healed.  Parallel Bars are there to help, assist him. 


What are refined movement patterns?

The ability to adjust of one's body position based on the environment


What are the intrinsic factors that allow the person to walk up the stairs, pick up the bag and go back down the stairs? What about the extrinisic factor?

postural factors, balance/ strength ability to adjust body position to accommodote the weight of the bag Environmental Influences: - height of the stairs, - weight of the bag, - possibly lighting? in the video the room is looking kind dark (maybe the person is going up and down stairs slowly because he can't see the steps) - railing is available if he needs to touch the railing for balance - she is wearing high heels, may slow down the movement -



- in any interaction that a human may have in any aspect of their life that involves: - cognitive thought - initiation of movement, - interaction with physical, human, and psychosocial influences - and a desire outcome.


Anthropometrics in relations to human movement

refers to the measurement of the individual. Their height, size, limbs length, over head reach distance, etc...


Self esteem is:

James (1890) define self esteem as:

is an individual self evaluation of their abilities and difficulties "

He stated that self-esteem is the product of the number of successes someone experiences divided by the individual's perception of his or her potential."

He attributes low self-esteem to a discrepancy between an individual's achievement and what they believe they can achieve.


How do interactions with others influences/shape our attitudes about our ability to perform a motor task and result impact our desire to participate in a task.

Self esteem is influenced by:

- parental support,

- athletic abilities

- adolescents

- the amount of successes in a particular activity

- perceived support from a significant adult influences a child's self-esteem


Implicit messages through interaction with others throughout our lives can shape our attitudes about our abilities about a task-- whether we choose to participate or not? What psychological factor is this affecting?

self esteem


Define Biomechanics

Biomechanics is the study of how the systems and structures of biological organisms, from the smallest plants to the largest animals, react to various forces and external stimuli. In humans, biomechanics often refers to the study of how the skeletal and musculature systems work under different conditions. 


Give examples for each of the 5 category of movements

Mobility, function, occupation, communication, leisure

Category of Movements

Mobility Getting from A to B in all its forms


The activities of daily living that are essential for our survival (e.g. dressing, washing and eating)


An activity or group of activities that engage a person in everyday life, have personal meaning and provide structure to time (e.g. self-care, caring for others, productivity or sitting in lectures!)


Not only sport and hobbies but also just reading or watching television requires movement


How often do we use our hands to talk and the rest of our body as a means of non-verbal communication?