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Flashcards in Delivery Methods Deck (33):
1

 What are the 4 key areas of an effective coaching session?

Preparation

Delivery and Implementation

Feedback and Assessment

Management

2

Muska Mosston conceptualised the spectrum of teaching style. What are the 6 premises that this structure is based on?

Axiom -that teaching behavior is a chain of decision making

 

Anatomy of any style- 3 different decision categories must be made

 

Decision makers- both teacher and learners

 

Spectrum- 11 teaching-learning approaches

 

Clusters - two basic human Capacity for Reproduction and Capacity for Production). Cluster A-E represents teaching options that foster reproduction of past knowledge. Custer F-K represents options that invite production of new knowledge (to learner, to teacher, even society)

 

Development effects (physical, social, emotional, cognitive, moral

3

What does the O-T-L-O relationships explain?

The Interaction between teacher and learner reflects the bond - among objectives, teaching behaviours, learning behaviours and outcomes

4

What is the 'Slanting rope effect' in the Inclusion style

Learners select task with some degree of challenge, self check, decide on entry points and when to move on to next higher level.

5

In the T-L-O relationship, what are the two sets of objectives in any teacher-learner interaction?

Subject matter objectives

Behaviour objectives

6

What are the teaching styles in the production cluster within the spectrum of teaching style?

Style F:  Guided discovery ( learners discover by answering sequence of questions presented by coach, leading , to a predetermined target)

 

Style G: Convergent (by employing logical procedures, reasoning and critical thinking) To discover a single answer

 

Style H: Divergent discovery (multiple responses to a single problem

 

Style I: Learner-designed individual programme (design, develop,perform series of tasks, organised in personal prlogramme), coach only provides general subject matter

 

Style J: learner-initiated choose a learning experience that is familiar and initiate own learning

 

Style K: Self teaching Independent learner who maximize own learning experience

7

What are the teaching styles in the PRODUCTION cluster within the spectrum of teaching style?

Style F:Guided discovery ( learners discover by answering sequence of questions presented by coach, leading , to a predetermined target)

 

Style G: Convergent (by employing logical procedures, reasoning and critical thinking) To discover a single solution

 

Style H: Divergent discovery (multiple responses to a single problem)

 

Style I: Learner -designed individual programme (design, develop,perform series of tasks, organised in personal programme). Coach only provides a general subject matter

 

Style J: Learner-initiated (Athlete choose a learning experience that he is familiar with and initiates own learning. Coach evaluation with athlete based on agreed criteria)

 

Style K: Self-teaching (independent learner who can maximise own learning experience. Coach has no direct involvement)

 

8

Clear explanation Good demo Question and responds appropriately Effective organisation of activities Arouses and sustain athletes' interest Uses voice and language appropriately Use of technology .....these are example of ________

Good Delivery / implementation

9

To be effective coaching session, what are some examples of good management ?

Good recordkeeping

Team rules and routines are set out and enforced effectively

Maintain a positive style of discipline

Establish good rapport and interaction with athletes and parents or other stakeholders

 

10

What does it mean by Environmental Context in the Gentile's Taxonomy?

refers to the specific physical location where a skill is performed.

3 features: 

1. Supporting surface where person performs the skill

2. the objects involved in the skill

3. the other people involved in the performance situation

11

 

Two Characteristics of Environmental Context

 

1. Regulatory conditions:

those features of the environment that specify movements a person must implement to successfully perform a task

 

2. Intertrial variability:

Change in regulatory conditions from one trial to the next when performiing the same action

12

Two Characteristics of Function of Actions

Body Orientation (changing or maintaining of body location)

 

Object Manipulation (maintaining or changing the position of an object)

13

what does the term Intertrial variability mean in Gentile's Taxonomy?

 an environmental characteristic in Gentile's taxonomy of motor skills

The terms refers to whether the regulatory conditions associated with the performance of a skill in the one situation for for one trial are present or absent in the next trial

14

According to Fleming and Mills (1992), what is the widely used classification model?

VARK classification model

Visual 

Aural

Read/write

Kinesthetic

15

What is ZPD zone of proximal development (Vygotsky 2010)?

Human functions that have yet to mature and are in embryonic state

16

To apply the Zone of Proximal Development, what kind of classification system for movement is used?

Gentile's Taxonomy,a two dimensional classification system for movement whereby one dimension focuses on environment context and the other on function of action

17

Name the five dimensions/considerations of LEARNING STYLES  (Dunn 2000).

Environment

Emotion support

Physiological V. A. R. K.

Social Composition

Psychological

18

What are the 2 general characteristics in Gentile's two-dimensions taxonomy?

 

Environmental context-in which the person performs the skill

 

Function of the action-characterizing the skill-this yield 16 skill categories

19

Example of "Moving, no intertrial variability, no object manipulation"

Passing basketballs to a moving plaer running the same pattern several times without a ball

20

Example of Moving, intertrial vaiability, with object manipulation

Walking on a treadmill at different speeds while reading a book

 

Catching softballs thrown at various speeds by a pitching machine

21

What is meant by Body Orientation?

1 Body stability: action goal does not involve moving the body from one location to another

2. Body transport: action goal involves changing body location

22

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

 

Standing on a flat surface with arms held out to your sides

Doing sit-ups on a flat surface

 

1A

23

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

 

Cutting vegetables with a knife on a cutting board

 

Polishing silveware

 

2B

24

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

Practising a dance routine that must be timed with a partner with whom you have no contact

 

Walking on a moving escalator

 

3C

25

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

Walking on crutches on a clear hallway

 

Dribbling a soccer ball with no defenders

 

3D

26

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

 

Standing in a moving bus

 

Riding a horse on a country lane

 

4A

27

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

 

Standing on a moving escalator while drinking coffee

 

Doing tricks with a yo-yo

 

3B

28

Task Example: applying Gentile's model, which level of difficulty are these tasks? 1A........4D?

Timing your swing at baseballs pitched by a machine without using a bat

 

Standing on a mving escalator

 

3A

29

What types of feedback can coach give?

 

1. Intrinsic feedback by the athlete

2. Extrinsic feedback from the environment, coach or stopwatch, also known as augmented feedback. Knowledge of performance (KP) and Knowledge of results (KR) 

30

 

Factors to consider when providing feedback:

 

Both positive and negative feedback given

Timing is critical, take account of Post feedback delay

Frequency (esp to experienced athlete should not be too often)

Precision (Beginner learners will require more detailed frequent feedback-Presciptive feedback) than experienced athletes (descriptive feedback)

31

 

what strategies can coaches use to effectively reflect and evaluate?

 

Keep and maintain a coaching diary

 

Make video recordings of training sessions

 

Other resources such as hardware/software, portable device app, lecture notes, quotes, speeches, articles, diagrams, personal notes

32

 

Five key dimensions of learning styles (Dunn 2000)

 

Environment (sound light, temperature seating arrangement)

 

Emotional support (Motivational support, Persistence, Individual responsibility, Structure)

 

Social composition ( Pair or Team)

 

Physiological V.A.R.K (Perceptual, Food intake, Time, Mobility)

 

Psychological (Global, Analytical, Implusive, Reflective)

33

What are the teaching styles under the Reproduction Cluster intented for replicate specific skills and knowledge?

 

Command/ Practice/ Reciprocal/ Self-Check/ Inclusion