Flashcards in Derm 2 Deck (38)
Is seborrheic keratoses malignant? sun induced?
Not sun induced
Describe the histology of a seborrheic keratoses?
flat bottomed bland epidermal proliferation with PSEUDO HORN CYSTS
What is a concentrically laminated collections of surface keratin within the acanthotic epithelium
pseudo horn cyst
What is acanthosis?
What is an achrocordon?
What are achrocordons associated with?
Obesity in area of friction
Are dermatofibromas malignant? Where are they most often located? What is the key characteristic of pinching them?
2. Shoulders and legs
3 firm and dimple in when pinched
What is the his to characteristic of dermatofibromas?
fibrohistiocytic proliferation in the DERMIS
Are neurofibromas malignant? Where are they found? what type of tissue proliferation are they?
2. trunk of middle aged individuals
3. neuromesenchymal tissue
Is neurofibromatosis autosomal recessive? What gene is problematic?
1. Autosomal Dominant
2. Neurofibromin gene
What are 5 physical signs (marks) of neurofibromatosis?
Cafe au lait macules
What does a neurofibroma look like under a microscope?
spindled, schwann cells, has a pinkish color that is different than the collagen of dermatofibroma
What is a epidermoid cyst filled with?
keratin- with a stratified squamous wall
What is excessive fibroblast proliferation and collagen production in response to a injury? Does it stay within the original area of injury?
no extends beyond
[higher incidence in those with african ancestry]
What is red blanching macules that are present at birth? Do they go away? biopsy shows what?
1. nevus flammeus
2. many do fade
3. capillary dilation (telangiectasia)
Port wine stain is a capillary malformation with a bright red blotchy pattern and has V1 and V2 involvement? What syndrome is it associated with?
1. port wine stain
2. sturge-weber syndrome
- cns angiomatosis
When do strawberry hemangiomas appear? When do they go away?
1. appear shortly after birth
2. Grow rapidly for 9 mo to 12 mo and then slowly involute
When do cherry hemangiomas come about? where are they most numerous? how long to the last? what is proliferated?
1. middle age
2. most numerous on trunk
3. persists indefinitely
4. capillary proliferation
Kaposi's sarcoma effects what two groups? what is the virus involved? what is the histology?
1. elderly mediterranean males and HIV positive patients
3. atypical vascular proliferation
What is the indolent form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma? how do they progress?
1. Mycosis fungoides
2. dermatitis like patch--> plaque--> then tumor
What is sezary's syndrome?
leukemic form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma- patients are very pruritic and erythroderma
When does pemphigus vulgaris come about? where are they located? the circulated antibodies are to what proteins? Does it show the Nikolsky sign?
1. mid adult life
2. oral mucosa and skin
3. desmosomal proteins- desmoglein 1 & 3
4. Yes- lateral pressure on skin gives blister
What does pemphigus immunofluorescence look like?
Is pemphigus foliaceous deep or superficial? does it effect oral mucosa? Where is it endemic? What are the antibodies against?
2. spares oral mucosa
4. desmoglein 1 (why it spares oral mucosa)
Who is bullous pemphigoid primarily seen? What specific type of blisters are present? Does it have a nikolsky sign? What are the antibodies against?
1. in the elderly
2. tense, subepidermal
3. no nikolsky sign
4. hemi-desmosomal proteins
T-F-- bullous pemphigoid has an eosinophil-rich upper dermal infiltrate?
What does the immunofluorescence look like for bullous pemphigoid?
straight line- think hemidesmosomes
Where are the intensely pruritic vesicles of dermatitis herpetiformis found?
1. elbows, knees, scalp, buttocks
What skin disease do we know that is associated with gluten sensitivity enteropathy?