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Flashcards in derm+rheum Deck (18):
1

milia vs sebaceous hyperplasia

milia-whitish papules of epithelioid cysts (keratinocytes) on face

sebaceous hyperplasia-more yellowish papules on face, nose, due to maternal androgen levels

2

erythema toxicum neonatorum
-assoc with

eoisinophilia
transient erythematous diffuse rash in neonates
-no treatment needed

3

sebaceous nevi

yellowish-orange hairless plaque
scalp
can become malignant

4

toddler wakes up everynight and parents come in feed him and he goes back to sleep

learned behavior (a type of behavioral insomnia)

5

kid screams during the night and parents can't wake her

night terrors
-non rem sleep
-autonomic arousal
-seem awake but unresponsive
-can't be calmed down

6

kid crying and wakes up upset during sleep

nightmare
-rem sleep
-scary dream wakes them up

7

cornelia de langue

bushy eyebrows, hairy, short limbs, VSD, undescended testes, MR

8

name acute phase reactants

ESR, CRP, platelets

9

juvenile rheumatoid arthritis-what causes anemia

anemia of chronic disease-inflamm of synovial joints causes hepcidin to prevent Fe absorption and inc storage
-inc ferritin
-inc Igs
-anemia (microcytic hypochromic anemia)
-inc Acute phase reactants: ESR, CRP, platelets (thrombocytosis)

10

another name for mongolian spots

congenital dermal melanocytosis
-flat blue grey patches on the lower back
-can be mistaken for child abuse

11

very itchy rash that starts on the hands then spreads to

scabies
-love the interdigit spaces in the hands
-periumbilicus, axilla, groin
-erythematous papules, vesicles, exoriactions (scratching)

12

Treatment for scabies

Ivermectin, permethrin

13

palpable step off of the lumbosacral spine
back pain
neurologic issues (incontinence)

Spondylolisthesis
-slippage of one vertebra over the other causng nerve compression
-step off=misalignment of the vertebra that can be felt on exam

14

child with
-short webbed neck
-short posterior hairline
-sprangel deformity (high scapula)
-cervical spine fusion

congenital fusion of 2 cervical vertebrae
-C1-C2 fusion can cause atlantoaxial intability

15

what side effect does isotretinoin have on fats

Inc triglycerides, dec HDL

16

pediculosis capitis aka

head lice
RX: permethrin

17

neonate-erythematous maculopapular rash with pustules that transiently appears and disappears

erythema toxicum-resolution in 7-14 days. spares palms and soles

18

pustular melanosis vs erythema toxicum

both have pustules
-erythema toxicum spares hands and soles

-pustular melanosis can be on hands soles, hyperpigmented macules, common in af american babies