Dermatology Examination Flashcards Preview

AB 2nd Year General > Dermatology Examination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Dermatology Examination Deck (24)
Loading flashcards...
1

what 3 things should be assessed in a skin exam?

distribution
configuration
morphology

2

apart from skin, what else should be examined?

nails
mouth
hair
joints

3

5 things to asses..

Colour
Size
Raised/Flat
Border features
Surface features

4

what is a change in the colouring of the skin called?

hyper or hypopigmentation

5

what is a macule?

flat lesion <1cm

6

what is a patch?

flat lesion >1cm

7

what is a papule?

raised lesion <0.5cm

8

what is a nodule?

raised lesion >0.5cm

9

what is a maculopapular rash?

has flat and elevated components

10

what is a plaque?

raised edges and flat surface, >1cm

11

what is a wheal?

compressible dermal oedema

12

what is a vesicle?

fluid filled lesion <0.5cm

13

what is a bulla?

fluid filled lesion >0.5cm

14

what is a cyst?

nodule containing semi solid material

15

what is a pustule?

pus filled lesion

16

what is a blister?

fluid within the upper layers of the skin

17

what is crust?

dried exudate

18

what is lichenification?

thickening of skin with increased skin markings

19

what is excoration?

scratch marks

20

what are fissures?

linear split in epidermis

21

what is atrophy?

loss of epidermis/dermis, with the surface of the lesion remaining intact

22

what are erosions?

superficial break in epidermis

23

what is an ulcer?

deeper break into the dermis

24

what is telangiectasia?

visible superficial blood vessels