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Flashcards in Development Deck (119)
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1

What factors influence normal development?

- genetic
- nutritional
- environmental

2

Define median age

'age when 50% of the population achieve a skill'

3

Define limit age

'age when skill should have been acquired by 97.5% of children'

4

Describe gross motor development within the first 6 weeks of life

Head control in vertical

5

Describe gross motor development within the first 3 months of life

No head lag on pulling to sit

6

Describe gross motor development within the first 6 months of life

Sits unsupported, weight bears on legs

7

Describe gross motor development within the first 9 months of life

Crawls, holds onto furniture to stand and reaches on

8

Describe gross motor development within the first 12 months of life

Pulls to standing, walks

9

Describe gross motor development within the first 18 months of life

Runs, climbs onto adult chair

10

Describe gross motor development by 2 years of age

Climbs stairs with two feet/step, sits and steers trike

11

Describe gross motor development by 3 years of age

Climbs stairs using alternate feet, jumps off bottom step

12

Describe gross motor development by 4 years of age

Hops and climbs ladders

13

Name five primitive reflexes

Sucking and Rooting
Palmar and Plantar grasp
ATNR
Moro
Stepping and Placing

14

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 6 weeks

Follow torch with eyes

15

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 3 months

Hand regard in midline

16

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 6 months

Grasps toys, hand in hand

17

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 9 months

Scissor grip, points with index finger

18

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 12 months

Pincer grasp, bangs toys together

19

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 18 months

Tower of 3-4 bricks

20

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 2 years

Tower of 6-7 bricks, scribbles

21

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 3 years

Tower of 9 bricks, copies circle

22

Describe the fine motor and vision development at 4 years

Threads beads, draws simple man

23

Describe hearing and language development at 6 weeks

Stills to voice

24

Describe hearing and language development at 3 months

Starts to vocalise

25

Describe hearing and language development at 6 months

Babbles, screams when annoyed

26

Describe hearing and language development at 9 months

Imitates sounds, localises sound

27

Describe hearing and language development at 12 months

Knows and turns to name, many vowels and consonants

28

Describe hearing and language development at 18 months

5-20 words

29

Describe hearing and language development at 2 years

Simple instructions, 50+ words

30

Describe hearing and language development at 3 years

Asks questions, complex instructions, nursery rhymes