Development Disability, Brandt Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Psych exam I > Development Disability, Brandt > Flashcards

Flashcards in Development Disability, Brandt Deck (30):
1

what is intellectual disability

deficits in intellecutal functions such as reasoning, problem solving, planning, abstract thinking, judgement, academic learning, learning from experience confirmed by intellectual testing and clinical eval

2

how is intellectual disability Dc

failure to meet developmental and sociocultural standards for independence and responsibility

3

levels of intellectual disability

mild IQ: 50 to 55-70
mod IQ: 35 to 40-50 to 55
severe IQ: 20 to 25-35 to 40
profound: level below 20 to 25

4

syndromes with intellectual disability

downs
tay sach
untreated PKU
fragile X syndrome

5

signs of downs

single palmar transverse crease
protruding tongue
flat facies
small ears
thick neck

6

chromosome fragile X

Xq27
males more: severe delayed cognitic abilities, behavior problems, hand flapping, large ears, elongated faces, enlarged testicles

7

clinical management intellectual disability

placement issues
supportive counseling and training in behavioral techniques for family
medication management

8

learning disorders

inability to achieve in a specific area of learning at a level consistent with person's overall IQ
reading math, written expression

9

learning disorders

inability to achieve in a specific area of learning at a level consistent with person's overall IQ
reading math, written expression

10

learning disorders also comorbid with what

oppositional defiant disorder
mood disorder
substance abuse
ADHD
truancy

11

Tx for learning disorders

remedial instruction
supportive counseling for child and family

12

autistic spectrum disorder

impaired social interactions
impaired ability to communicate
restricted range of activites and interests

13

onset autism

first 3 yeras of life

14

demographic autism

10-15 / 10,000
boys 4X more likely than girls
no link to toxins, vaccines etc

15

good prognostic indicators for autism

higher IQ and better language and social skills

16

asperger syndrome

good verbal language
milder nonverbal language problems
restricted range of interests and relationships
often engage in repetitive routines

17

etiology of autism spectrum disorder

brain dysfunction with abnormalities in brain structure
abnormalities in NT like serotonin and dA
genetics may play role

18

what helps patients with autistic spectrum disorders

well structured classroom and home routines
individualized instruction
behavior modification techniques

19

Retts syndrome

girls>boys
normal development to age 4
dec social verbal and cognitive skills, hand wringing, ataxia, dec IQ

20

Childhood disintegrative disorder

rare condition, normal development to age 2-10 then lose skills
boys>girls

21

age of onset for feeding and eating disorder of infancy or early childhood. Sx?

onset before age 6
apathetic
temperament, intrauterine growth retardation, pre-existing developmental impairments
girls=boys

22

tic disorder spectrum

tourettes
chronic motor or vocal tic disorder
transient tic disorder

23

tourettes

5-30/10,000 children
onset 6-7 y.o
boys 3-5x>girls
lifelong or resolve with adulthood

24

what are the vocal and motor tics in tourettes

motor: acial grimacing or blinking
vocal: barking, profanity, grunting

25

Tx tourettes

antipsychotics

26

transient tic disorder

single or multiple motor or vocal tics for no longer than 12 months

27

Separation anxiety disorder

fear of loss of major attachment figure
complain of physical Sx so not leave mom

28

Tx separation anxiety disorder

SSRI, antidepressants

29

important Hx for separation anxiety disorder

anxiety disorders run in family

30

important Hx for separation anxiety disorder

anxiety disorders run in family