Development in Adulthood and Midlife Flashcards Preview

MD1 Metabolism > Development in Adulthood and Midlife > Flashcards

Flashcards in Development in Adulthood and Midlife Deck (22):
1

Can personality adjust and grow after midlife?

Yes

2

Is cognitive decline in inevitable as you age?

No

3

When does biological function and physical performance reach their peak?

20-35

4

When does biological function and physical performance start to wane?

After 35

5

When does strength peak?

25

6

When does strength plateau?

35-40

7

When do females reach their peak fertility?

Early 20s

8

What is Erikson's young adult stage?

Conflict: intimacy vs isolation
Solution: love and friendship

9

What is Erikson's middle adulthood stage?

Conflict: generativity vs stagnation
Solution: care and productivity

10

What is emerging adulthood?

New developmental stage between adolescence and adulthood with distinct characteristics

11

What are the ages of emerging adulthood?

18-25

12

What is emerging adulthood focused on?

Identity formation/consolidation

13

What are the possible impacts of physical health on the emerging adulthood developmental stage?

More dependent on other people for care
Financial burden of medication
Increased stress
Affects relationships

14

How do different ageing cohorts' developmental conditions compare?

Different

15

What are the most frequently cited turning points in mid-life?

Awareness of growth and development
Awareness of need to change in future
Asserting control over choices and direction in life but discovering limits of control

16

What are the five facets of the five-factor model of personality?

Neuroticism
Openness
Agreeableness
Consciesntiousness
Extraversion

17

What is menopause?

Defined retrospectively after 12 months of amenorrhoea

18

What varies in menopause according to culture?

Meanings and attitudes to menopause

19

What may underlie the symptoms/experience of menopause?

Lifestyle factors

20

What part of menopause is associated with depression?

Could be perimenopausal status, in part because of changing hormones

21

What are the risk factors for midlife depression?

Pre-existing depression
Prior history of troublesome premenstrual symptoms
Many bothersome menopausal symptoms
Negative attitudes towards ageing

22

What do all studies note concerning menopause and anxiety?

Importance of lifestyle variables