DFO Set Six Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DFO Set Six Deck (20)
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1

Which of the following is not a function of the hypothalamus?

Regulation of motor activity

2

The part of the brain that can influence the release of hormones or the endocrine system is the:

Hypothalamus

3

Several 'vital centres' are located in the:

Medulla

4

The vomiting reflex is mediated by the:

Medulla

5

Which of the following is a part of the brainstem?

Medulla

6

The processing of sensory information takes place in the thalamus.

True

7

A lack of this/these neurotransmitter(s) in the basal ganglia is/are associated with Parkinson's disease:

Dopamine

8

Name the three main parts of the brainstem:

Medulla
Pons
Midbrain

9

Jim has sustained a cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in the right cerebral hemisphere of his brain which was caused by a blockage in an artery and this has resulted in a left sided hemiparesis and unilateral neglect and dysphasia. Name the type of CVA Jim has sustained

Left-sided Ischemic Stroke

10

Hemiparesis

Weakness on entire left or right side of the body - can't use his right hand or the right side of his body to feed himself

11

Unilateral neglect

Lack of attention to or awareness of one side of the visual field - may not be aware of food on the right side of his plate

12

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing - May have difficulty passing food from the mouth to the stomach, or unable to swallow at all

13

Describe three risk factors for stroke that Jim could have influenced by changing lifestyle factors.

Stress, obesity, and smoking

14

Name four psychological changes that may be experienced post-CVA

Depression, irritability, anxiety, and difficulty sleeping

15

The three main arteries that supply the brain are the middle, anterior, and posterior

True

16

Define the two types of Hemorrhagic stroke

Intracerebral - bleeding directly into brain substance
Subarachnoid - bleeding occurring within the brain's surrounding membranes and CSF

17

Brain stem strokes often result in the person being in a coma

True

18

Define a TIA

Transient Ischemic Attack, temporary blockage of blood supply to the brain

19

The Periaqueductal Grey matter (PAG) in the midbrain is a link between the amygdala (limbic system) and the systematic ANS pathways.

True

20

The Substantia Nigra is part of the basal nuclei

True