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Flashcards in DFO Set Eleven Deck (26)
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1

Provide a definition of “positive symptoms” associated with schizophrenia:

Involves an excess of behavior or experiences which includes delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thoughts.

2

Provide a definition of "negative symptoms" associated with schizophrenia:

Reduction in typical thoughts or behaviour a person may have before developing their illness e.g. flattened affect, alogia, avolition, or anhedonia

3

Which of the following is a negative symptom?
a. Anhedonia
b. Word Salad
c. Neologism
d. Hallucination

a. Anhedonia

4

Provide a definition of thought disorder:

A disorder of cognitive organisation, characteristic of psychotic mental illness. Thoughts or conversation may be illogical or lacking in sequence, and may be delusional or bizarre in content

5

List 4 different negative symptoms commonly identified in schizophrenia:

- Anhedonia
- Flattened affect
- Loss of volition
- Associability
- Lack of insight

6

List two common signs or symptoms of psychosis:

- Delusions
- Lack of insight
- Disorganised thinking
- Hallucination

7

Provide a definition for delusion:

Fixed false thoughts or beliefs, in spite of invalidating evidence

8

Provide a definition for hallucination:

An experience involving the apparent perception of something not present, a distortion in perception

9

Define impoverished speech:

Alogia

10

Define social withdrawal:

Associality

11

Define an abrupt stop in the middle of a train of thought:

Thought blocking

12

Persistent repetition of words or ideas even when another person attempts to change the topic:

Preservation

13

Define decreased motivation:

Avolition

14

Define an inability to answer a question without giving excessive, unnecessary detail:

Circumstantial

15

Excessive speech at a rapid rate that involves fragmented or unrelated ideas:

Flight of ideas

16

Loss of pleasure in previously enjoyed activities:

Anhedonia

17

List 4 variables which are shown to influence the prevalence and incidence of schizophrenia:

- Migrant status
- Lower economic status
- Residing at a higher altitude
- Male gender

18

Which of the following have been shown to have links to the development of psychosis:
a. Poverty and inequality
b. Cannabis use
c. Unemployment and social isolation
d. Childhood abuse
e. B and D
f. All of the above

f. All of the above

19

Provide a definition for PTSD:

Development of characteristic symptoms following a psychologically traumatic event that is generally outside the range of normal human experience

20

Incidence of PTSD is higher in men than women:

False

21

Of the traumatic events listed below which person is more likely to develop symptoms of PTSD:
a. Witnessing a car accident
b. Being involved in reoccurring earthquakes
c. Being involved in a motor accident in which there was a fatality
d. All of the above

c. Being involved in a motor accident in which there was a fatality

22

Those with a pre existing mental health condition are more at risk of developing PTSD:

True

23

List 2 factors which increase the susceptibility of a person developing PTSD:

- Low self-esteem
- Childhood abuse
- Unsupportive social environment

24

List 4 signs or symptoms of PTSD:

- Re-experiencing the event
- Heightened arousal
- Heightened vigilance
- Avoidance

25

The trauamtic life event which caused the PTSD must be either ____ or _____ .

- Life threatening
- Perceived as life-threatening

26

List 2 resilience factors which may protect a person against PTSD:

- Well-developed coping strategies
- Safe and nurturing childhoods