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Flashcards in diagnostic terms Deck (37):
1

Disease

Any condition not caused by an injury that causes the body to work incorrectly

2

Diagnosis

The identification of a disease/disorder by the evaluation of its history, symptoms, physical signs and test results.

3

Misdiagnosis

A diagnosis that is later discovered, based on new evidence, to have been incorrect

4

Prognosis

The predicted outcome of a disease

5

Chronic

A term used to describe the time scale and/or severity of of a disease/disorder, which indicates a slow onset, usually slow course (long duration) and low severity

6

Acute

A term used to describe the time scale and/or severity of of a disease/disorder, which indicates a rapid onset, usually fast course (short duration) and often intense severity

7

Sign

An observable effect of a disease that medical professionals can visualize or detect

8

Blood pressure

The force exerted by blood against the walls of blood as it circulates throughout the body

9

Diastolic pressure

The blood pressure measured during diastole, which is the phase of heart activity when it is it resting and filling with blood for the next systole

10

Systolic pressure

The blood pressure measured during systole, the phase of heart activity where it is contracting and actively pumping blood out

11

Pulse

The rhythmic of an artery that occurs when the heart is beating

12

Respiration rate

Number of breaths per minute

13

Endoscope

Illuminated instrument used for the visualization of the interior of a body cavity or organ

14

Fluoroscopes

Instrument that provides real-time imaging of the motion of the internal structures through the use of X-rays and a fluorescent screen

15

Microscope

An instrument that uses shaped lenses to magnify and study microscopic samples

16

Stethoscope

An instrument used to listen to internal body structures such as heartbeat or intestinal activity

17

Radiograph

A diagnostic image, or X-ray, created by created by applying radioactive X-rays to a portion of the body

18

Tympanic thermometer

Thermometer with a specially designed tip that is placed into the external opening of the ear canal to obtain a body temperature reading

19

Calibration

The process of adjusting an instrument to ensure its accuracy

20

Microscopy

Inspection with a microscope

21

Biopsy

A diagnostic procedure in which tissue cells are surgically removed from a patient and examined for the presence of disease

22

Urinalysis

The microscopic and chemical analysis of urine to detect abnormalities found in certain diseases

23

Endoscopy

Visual inspection of the body through an endoscope

24

Colonoscopy

A diagnostic procedure in which a camera is inserted into the large intestine to examine the patient for signs of disease

25

Lumbar puncture

A diagnostic procedure in which fluid is collected from the spinal canal to diagnose diseases affecting the central nervous system

26

Barium swallow

A fluoroscopic diagnostic procedure to evaluate the function of the upper gastrointestinal tract

27

Ultrasound

A diagnostic technique that uses sound waves to create images of internal body structures

28

Ech(o)

Sound

29

Electr(o)

Electricity

30

Fluor(o)

Emitting or reflecting light

31

-meter

Instrument used to measure

32

-radi(o)

Radiant energy

33

-scope

Instrument used for viewing

34

-scopy

Visual examination

35

-gram

A record or recording

36

-graph

Instrument used to record

37

-graphy

Process of recording