hazard/safety terms Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > hazard/safety terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in hazard/safety terms Deck (22):
1

Hazard

Something that presents a danger or risk of injury

2

Hazardous material

A substance that has the potential to cause harm

3

Biohazard

A biological substance, such as blood or another bodily fluid, that has the potential to transmit disease

4

Carcinogen

A substance known to cause cancer

5

Other potentially infective materials (OPIMs)

A category of possible biohazards other than blood, including tissues and bodily fluids, such as semen, vaginal secretions and spinal fluid, that have been defined by OHSA

6

Accident

Any unplanned occurrence that has potentially negative consequences

7

Infectious disease

An illness caused by an infectious particle that can be transmitted from person to person

8

Healthcare-associated infection

An infection that a patient acquires while being treated at a healthcare facility for a different ailment

9

Side effect

An unintended, often problematic outcome for a treatment

10

Adverse effect

An unintended harmful effect of a medical treatment

11

Laboratory medicine

The analysis of samples, such as bodily fluids, tissues or chemicals, for diagnostic or research purposes

12

Drug

A substance used to treat a symptom (complaint) or to treat/prevent a disease

13

Sharps

Medical equipment, such as needles or scalpels, that can puncture or cut healthcare workers; used sharps may transmit biohazards.

14

Sharps container

A rigid, well-labeled plastic container designed to safely hold sharp objects for disposal.

15

CT scan

A computed tomography scan; a scan that uses X-rays to create 2-D and 3-D images of parts of the body.

16

Radiation

A form of energy characterized by the passage of particles or waves through a medium (e.g. light, heat, radio waves and X-rays)

17

X-ray

A form of electromagnetic radiation that can be used for medical imaging and therapeutic purposes.

18

Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OHSA)

A division of the US Department of Labor whose mission is to ensure safe and healthful working conditions.

19

Material safety data sheet (MSDS)

A document that provides information on the hazards, handling procedures and safe disposal of a chemical.

20

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

A category of clothing that protects the wearer from coming into contact with infectious material.

21

Safety procedure

A series of steps put into place to prevent accidents

22

Standard precautions

A set of practices used to help prevent the transmission of infections, including assuming that everyone is potentially infectious, wearing PPE and disposing of sharps properly.