pathology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in pathology Deck (49):
1

Pathology

The study of disease and the way it affects the functions of the body.

2

Disease

A condition that affects the normal functioning of the body; in some cases known as a disorder

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Symptoms

The effects of a disease that a person feels, such as aches and pains

4

Communicable disease

A disease that is contagious

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Non-communicable disease

A disease that isn't contagious

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Pathologist

A doctor who studies diseases and causes of death

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Geneticist

Someone who studies how traits and genetics are passed down

8

Oncologist

A doctor who specializes in treating cancer

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Psychiatrist

A doctor who specializes in treating emotional or behavioral issues

10

Immunologist

A doctor who studies how well the body can fight against diseases and infections.

11

-algia

Pain

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-dynia

Pain

13

-ectasia, -ectasis

Dilation; the stretching of a body structure

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-edema

Swelling

15

-itis

Inflammation

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-emesis

To vomit; vomiting

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Esthesi(o)

Feeling or sensation

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-malacia

Soft, softening

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-megaly

Enlargement

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-oid

Resembling

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-penia

Deficiency

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-rrhage, -rrhagia

Excessive bleeding or hemorrhage

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-rrhea

Flow or discharge

24

-rrhexis

Rupture

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-spasm

Involuntary contraction, twitching or cramp

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-therapy

Treatment

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Pharmac(o), pharmaceut(i)

Drugs or medicine

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Therapeut(o)

Treatment

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Algesi(o)

Sensitivity to pain

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Chem(o)

Chemical

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Cry(o)

Cold

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Therm(o)

Heat

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Narc(o)

Stupid

34

Surgery

The treatment or investigation of disease through cutting or manipulation of the body

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Surgeon

A physician who specializes in surgery

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-scope

A surgical instrument used for viewing and in diagnostic purposes

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-ectomy

A surgical procedure involving an excision, or cutting out

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-tome

Instrument used for cutting

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-stomy

Forming an opening or joining 2 previously unconnected organs

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-tomy

Incision, or cutting into tissue

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-tripsy

Intentional surgical crushing of a part of the body

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-centesis

A surgical procedure to aspirate or remove fluid

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Aspirate

To remove a fluid by vacuum suction

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Excision

A surgical procedure of removing or cutting out

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-lysis

The process of loosening, freeing or destroying

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-pexy

The surgical fixation (fastening in a fixed position)

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-plasty

Surgical repair

48

-rrhaphy

Suture (uniting a wound with stitches)

49

-stasis

Stopping, controlling